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What is MoodleNet?

MoodleNet is a flexible Open Education Technology platform for curating collections of the best known Open Educational (and other) Resources. You'll find more general information in the MoodleNet user documentation.

If you are looking to get started as a MoodleNet developer, we recommend taking the MoodleNet for Developers course with Moodle Academy.

Current status

Take a look at MoodleNet releases in our Tracker.


MoodleNet architecture

MoodleNet is a full stack TypeScript/JavaScript system using:

  • NodeJs
    • NPM Packages [1]
    • ESM Modules [2]
  • Browsers

MoodleNet development environment

Setup development environment

From the command line interface (CLI):

Ensure ArangoDB is running on localhost

docker run -e ARANGO_NO_AUTH=1 -p 8529:8529 --rm --name=mn3arango arangodb

Clone the repository

git clone

Initialize the project

cd moodlenet
yarn init-dev

Install a development deployment

yarn dev-install-be my-dev

Run development backend

yarn dev-backend my-dev

Questions? Please take a look in the MoodleNet Community and Tracker for answers or to ask for help.

Creating MoodleNet packages

A Moodlenet package is a standard ESM package defining a main ESM module.

@moodlenet/core will import it at startup.

// package.json
  "name”: "my-moodlenet-package”,
  "version”: "1",
  "type": "module",
  "exports": {
    ".": "./src/server/main.mjs"
Declare dependency

Your MN package must declare its dependency to the @moodlenet/core package.

The core will import the main module at startup. The package "connects” to the core:

// package.json
   "peerDependencies”: {
     "@moodlenet/core”: "^0.1.0”

When adding/removing peerDependencies in the main repository based development environment, remember to execute:

yarn bs

to link dependent packages.

// src/server/main.mjs
import { connectPkg } from '@moodlenet/core'
const connection = await connectPkg(import.meta, { 
  apis: { } 
Test the package template
  • adding the template package in installation dependencies
  • delete "installed” prop in the MoodleNet lock file
  • restart the backend

Edit .dev-machines/my-dev/package.json adding the template package folder as dependency, similarly to other core package dependencies.

// .dev-machines/my-dev/package.json
    "my-moodlenet-mjs-pkg-template”: "file:[repofolder]/packages/my-moodlenet-mjs-pkg-template”
Define and deploy APIs

Your package will probably need to define and deploy its own APIs.

APIs are simply a collection of async functions - along with a params formal validation function - organized in a structured Js object.

APIs will be registered in the system with a path-like string, having your package name as prefix and apth following api structure.

// src/server/main.mjs
import { connectPkg, defApi } from '@moodlenet/core'
const myApis = {
     world: defApi( ctx => 
        async (p1,p2) => { return // something } , 
       (...params) => { /* … validate params */ }
const connection = await connectPkg(import.meta, { 
  apis: myApis 
// will register 1 api: 
// my-moodlenet-package/1.0/hello/world
Extend the web application

Use @moodlenet/react-app "plugin” api, during initialization to extend the web-app with a custom set of components.

import { pkgConnection } from '@moodlenet/core'
import reactApp from '@moodlenet/react-app'
const reactAppPkg = await pkgConnection(import.meta, reactApp)
await reactAppPkg.api('plugin')({
     [‘path’, 'to', 'MainComponent.jsx']

The react-app will inject your MainComponent.jsx in the web-app codebase, recompile and bundle (webpack) and serve the new extended webapp.

APIs access

Apis can be accessed by any package in system running in backend’s NodeJs process using specific @moodlenet/core functions pointing to the path of the desired API.

// from within the backend:
// locate an package api by path
import myMNPkgConn from
const myMNPkg = await pkgConnection(import.meta, myMNPkgConn)
const helloWorldApi =
// call api as an async function
const result = await
  helloWorldApi(helloParam, worldParam)
APIs Primary Adapters

Primary adapters implement API accessibility from external processes using some transport and protocols. Currently MoodleNet provides one Api-primary-adapter to access APIs by HTTP, which is implemented by @moodlenet/http-server. @moodlenet/http-server API HTTP adapter exposes package APIs as HTTP-POST endpoints. That endpoint is a path comprising the package name and the defined API path base, after the base API endpoint ( currently .pkgs ), having a JSON object body representing the api arguments. For example,




 "args” : [





Furthermore, in the web-app, @moodlenet/react-app provides libraries to use a syntax similar to within-backend-access for easy and strongly typed API calls to the server.

APIs Access Control

Packages register apis to @moodlenet/core which mediates api-call requests and responses, performing all fundamental checks and access controls.

  • checks requested pkg version against deployed pkg version for granting compatibility
  • calls api’s params formal validation function before forwarding to actual api function
  • (TBD) checks matching of scopes associated with api and caller (user or package)
  • provides the api a call-context holding an extensible set of metadata (e.g. user session, caller pkg … )
  • (TBD) any package can register for adding context metadata to an api call
APIs Authorization Scopes (TBD)

The core will export functions to define package-specific auth-scopes - similar to OAuth specs.

defApi() will provide options to apply own or other-pkg’s auth-scopes to api.

All Api accesses will be authorized at core level checking scopes assigned to api against scopes assigned to caller. Note that the caller may be a user using some primary adapter e.g. HTTP or can be simply another package, on its behalf, from within the system.

Packages will have to declare which scopes they will need to be granted in order to perform their functionalities.

Package scope-dependencies should be granted by the admin at installation time in order to complete the installation - similar to what happens on smartphones.

Testing MoodleNet packages

Once we’re happy with package development on dev-environment, we can try to install it on a real MoodleNet installation, using the admin UI.

Installation of MoodleNet in a production-like environment is a one liner cmd:

npx install \ @moodlenet/create \ dest/folder

Ensure ArangoDB is running and once inside the "dest/folder" installation directory:

npx @moodlenet/core

Create a user and navigate to the settings page where you can enable "dev mode”. Then proceed to extensions/install section and submit the package absolute path to local folder.

Questions? Please take a look in the MoodleNet Community and Tracker for answers or to ask for help.

Important links