Universal Office Converter (unoconv)
What is unoconv?
"unoconv" is a command line program that is used to convert between different office document file formats. It uses an instance of LibreOffice to do the conversion and is used by the Assignment activity to convert documents to pdf so that they can be annotated. If unoconv is not installed - the only impact is that the assignment activities will only allow annotations when students upload a pdf document.
The steps required to install unoconv are different depending on the operating system that you have installed Moodle on.
Installing unoconv on Linux
The required version of unoconv is at least 0.7. Depending on your flavour of linux, this may be available in your package manager and you can install it directly with:
Ubuntu 22.04 LTS
You will need to install Python 3, and note that the unoconv will only support Python up to 3.11.
sudo apt install python3
To download the latest version of unoconv (0.8.2):
cd /opt sudo git clone https://github.com/unoconv/unoconv.git sudo nano /opt/unoconv/unoconv
Change the first line of code by adding the number 3 to the Python version, as per the example below:
Permissions and run link:
sudo chmod ugo+x /opt/unoconv/unoconv sudo ln -s /opt/unoconv/unoconv /usr/bin/
Now we need LibreOffice installed:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:libreoffice/ppa sudo apt install libreoffice -y
Production servers should consider running unoconv in listener mode, see Installing unoconv#Run a unoconv listener or follow directions below:
sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/unoconv.service
And then copy and paste the following configuration into it:
[Unit] Description=Unoconv listener for document conversions Documentation=https://github.com/dagwieers/unoconv After=network.target remote-fs.target nss-lookup.target [Service] Type=simple ExecStart=/usr/bin/unoconv --listener [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target
And then enable and start the above service:
sudo systemctl enable unoconv.service sudo systemctl start unoconv.service
Ubuntu 18.04 LTS
apt-get install unoconv mkdir /var/www/.config chown www-data:www-data /var/www/.config
Ubuntu 16.04 LTS
apt-get install unoconv
If your package manager contains an older version of the package, you will have to find a newer version and install it manually (Debian Testing). Unoconv itself is just a python script, so it has few dependencies.
- On some systems the apache user home directory is set to a non existent folder. This can cause unoconv to fail. There are 2 solutions to this - one is to make a (writable) home directory for the apache user (like /home/www-data). The other is to run a unoconv listener (described below) as another user other than the apache user (someone with a valid, writable home directory).
- If you are still running 14.04LTS then unoconv won't work as shipped. This might not be the most efficient route but it worked by first installing unoconv (version 0.6) from the package manager as above. You will then need to grab unoconv 0.7 from Github (https://github.com/dagwieers/unoconv), then upgrade to the latest libreoffice using the PPA (https://launchpad.net/~libreoffice/+archive/ubuntu/ppa). Point moodle at the Github version of unoconv. You need to modify the Python unoconv file by changing 'python' in the first line to 'python3'. You also need to change the permissions on the directory /var/www so that the user www-data can write to it (www-data needs to write to its home directory which it cannot do by default).
On Debian Stable, the cleanest method to install unoconv is using Jessie-backports. First, enable backports repo line in /etc/apt/sources.list:
#### Jessie-backports #### deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian jessie-backports main
Then, update and install unoconv from jessie-backports:
apt-get update apt-get install -t jessie-backports unoconv
The package will bring all necessary dependencies for you.
Ubuntu 14.04 LTS
1) Navigate to opt directory
2) Download unoconv
sudo wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/dagwieers/unoconv/master/unoconv
3) Modify the Python unoconv file by changing 'python' in the first line to 'python3'
sudo nano /opt/unoconv
4) Make unoconv executable
sudo chmod ugo+x /opt/unoconv
5) Add LibreOffice PPA to your system and install the latest version
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:libreoffice/ppa sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install libreoffice
6) Change permissions so apache can write to its home directory
sudo chown www-data /var/www
7) From your browser navigate to
Site administration > Server > System paths and add the path to unoconv
- Note: if you would like to preserve the default path add a symbolic link to /usr/bin:
sudo ln -s /opt/unoconv /usr/bin/
8) Navigate to
Site administration > Plugins > Activity modules > Assignment > Feedback plugins > Annotate PDF > Test unoconv path
You should see:
"The unoconv path appears to be properly configured."
- Download the converted pdf test file. (if the PDF fails to load ensure that www-data can write to its home directory: /var/www)
CentOS / RedHat
Just before you start, you might like to consider installing the latest LibreOffice 6.3.2 directly from RPM packages, that are not part of the distribution you are using. As of nov-2016, CentOS and RedHat 7.2 comes with OpenOffice 4.3 . so if you are not interested in using this version and would like to install latest 6.3 independent LibreOffice 6.3, please remove any openoffice packages you might have on your OS by issuing:
yum remove openoffice* libreoffice*
It is recommended to chose your localized libreoffice version for better document conversions.
yum install libreoffice libreoffice-pyuno git clone https://github.com/dagwieers/unoconv.git # copy cp unoconv/unoconv /usr/bin # or link unoconv to /usr/bin ln -s unoconv/unoconv /usr/bin/unoconv
Note: depends on what version you are installing, openoffice or libreoffice, make sure you installed the *-pyuno package. (the headless package is already compiled into the core)
Make sure it is properly configured: http://your-moodle/admin/search.php?query=unoconv
Production servers should consider running unoconv in listener mode, see Installing unoconv#Run a unoconv listener or follow directions bellow
And then copy and paste the following configuration into it:
[Unit] Description=Unoconv listener for document conversions Documentation=https://github.com/dagwieers/unoconv After=network.target remote-fs.target nss-lookup.target [Service] Type=simple Environment="UNO_PATH=/usr/lib64/libreoffice/program" ExecStart=/usr/bin/unoconv --listener [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target
And then enable and start the above service
systemctl enable unoconv.service systemctl start unoconv.service
If your selinux is enable yous should set
#setsebool -P httpd_execmem on
Installing unoconv on OS X
Download and install LibreOffice for Mac. Unfortunately - newer versions of LibreOffice are not currently compatible with unoconv for mac and you will have to install LibreOffice 4.2 (Direct download link - https://downloadarchive.documentfoundation.org/libreoffice/old/184.108.40.206/mac/x86_64/LibreOffice_220.127.116.11_MacOS_x86-64.dmg).
Get the latest version of the unoconv python script. One way to do this is with http://brew.sh/ brew.
brew install unoconv
If you haven't done it already - install ghostscript. One way to install ghostscript is also with http://brew.sh/ brew
brew install ghostscript
Set the paths to unoconv and ghostscript in Moodle (Site administration > Server > System paths). If you used brew, they will both be installed to /usr/local/bin.
LibreOffice needs write access to the current users home directory to create some temporary files. When unoconv is run as the webserver user (_www) it does not normally have this permission.
There are some ways to get around this - one way is just to give the "_www" user write access to /Library/WebServer.
Another solution is to convince LibreOffice that this users home directory is somewhere else. This can be done by inserting this code into the top of the unoconv python script. Code to insert:
# Set home to a writable folder. os.environ['HOME'] = '/tmp/'
This needs to be inserted at line 36 immediately after the line "exitcode = 0"
Installing unoconv on Windows
Download and install LibreOffice for Windows. Open Office will work just as well, but the documentation for unonconv is set to Libre Office.
Download the latest version of the unoconv script from https://github.com/dagwieers/unoconv/releases (download the zip version).
From the downloaded zip file - extract the one file unoconv-0.7\unoconv (no file extension). This is the unoconv script - none of the other files in the package are required.
Rename the downloaded script to unoconv.py and copy it to a folder in either C:\Program Files or C:\Program Files (x86).
Create a batch file in the same folder as unoconv.py name it something like unoconv.bat, it must be a batch file, with these contents:
@"C:\Program Files\LibreOffice\program\python.exe" c:\unoconv\unoconv.py %*
@"C:\Program Files\OpenOffice\program\python.exe" c:\unoconv\unoconv.py %*
Next, you have to Set paths in Moodle.
Login as admin and go to Site administration > Server > System paths
Path to Ghostscript (pathtogs) to
Do not use gswin32.exe or gswin64.exe, these are not command line programs - use gswin32c.exe or gswin64c.exe.
Path to Python (pathtopython) to
C:\Program Files (x86)\OpenOffice\program\python.exe or
C:\Program Files (x86)\LibreOffice\program\python.exe.
Identify in the path whichever program you use and include the full exe name for both Ghostscript and Python.
Save the pathto statements and a green tick should appear if Moodle is communicating with the required files.
Go to Site administration > Plugins > Document converters and enable Unoconv then select Settings
Enter the path statement to
Path to unoconv document converter:
C:\Program Files (x86)\unoconv\unoconv.bat.
Include the full name of the .bat file.
Test ghostscript and unoconv are working correctly in the admin test pages Site administration > Plugins > Activity modules > Assignment > Feedback plugins > Annotate PDF.
Run a unoconv listener
Unoconv utilises a client/server process when converting documents. By default, when there is no running server process - each time unoconv runs it will start a server process, send its request and shut down the server process when the request is complete. The drawback of this mode is that if 2 requests are submitted simultaneously - this can cause the first request to shutdown the server process when the second request is still in progress - and the second conversion request fails. A more robust way to configure unoconv is to start a server process at boot time, and/or run a script to monitor it and restart it if it crashes.
To start a unoconv listener at boot time - you need a start up script. Different operating systems and Linux distributions use different startup scripts - but here are some examples of startup scripts for different systems.
Offload processing to a different server
Processing office documents can put increased load on your webserver, which may impact on the responsiveness of your site. If you are installing unoconv on a large site you may want to consider running unoconv on a server that is not also serving web requests.
How to do this:
Install unoconv on each webservers and the remote server following the installation instructions above.
Make sure unoconv is started at boot time on the remote server with the "--listener" argument and is monitored and restarted if it exits (see Debian init script for an example of how to do this). By default, unoconv will only listen on localhost (127.0.0.1): if you want to connect to the listener process from another server, you need to start the unoconv listener process with the "--server" argument too!
An example command for starting a listener on a remote server (0.0.0.0 listens on all interfaces):
unoconv --listener --server 0.0.0.0 --port 2002
Open the firewall port 2002 between the moodle webservers and the machine running unoconv.
Share the moodle data root between the webservers and the machine running unoconv. This folder must be mounted at the same path on all servers.
Install a wrapper for unoconv on the webservers that forwards the requests to the remote server. Example:
#!/bin/bash # Wrapper script for unoconv to forward processing. # Install to /usr/bin/unoconv-remote with 755 permissions /usr/bin/unoconv --server=<ip of remote server> "$@"
Configure the path to unoconv in the Moodle admin settings to point to this wrapper script.
GitHub dagwieers/unoconv has additional information on installation of unoconv and troubleshooting tips.
- Is the unoconv installation a security risk? forum discussion