Init Skript für Debian

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Dieser Artikel beschreibt ein Skript, das Sie beim Booten von Debian-Systemen verwenden können, um einen unoconv-Listener zu starten. Das Skript kann unter /etc/init.d/unoconvd gespeichert und wie folgt in den Boot-Prozess eingebunden werden:

sudo update-rc.d unoconvd defaults

Wenn Sie den unoconv-Service auf einen anderen Server auslagern wollen (wie hier beschrieben), dann "lauscht" der Prozess standardmäßig auf localhost. Damit er auf einem anderen Netzwerk-Interface lauscht, müssen Sie eine Datei /etc/default/unoconv mit dem unten stehenden Inhalt anlegen und die Variable DAEMON_ARGS überschreiben (verwenden Sie die spetzifische IP-Adresse, wenn Sie mehr als ein Netztwerk-Interface haben oder verwenden Sie 0.0.0.0, um auf allen Netzwerk-Interfaces zu lauschen):

# Override arguments to make unoconv listening on network interface.
DAEMON_ARGS="--listener -s 0.0.0.0"

Außerdem empfehlen wir, folgende Zeile in der root crontab zu ergänzen. Damit wird der Prozess alle 5 Minuten gestartet und beim Neustart von unoconv erhalten Sie vom Cron-Job eine E-Mail.

*/5 * * * * /usr/bin/service unoconvd status > /dev/null || (/usr/bin/service unoconvd start && echo "Restarted crashed unoconv listener")

Hier kommt das Skript:

#! /bin/sh
### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:          unoconvd
# Required-Start:    $remote_fs $syslog
# Required-Stop:     $remote_fs $syslog
# Default-Start:     2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop:      0 1 6
# Short-Description: Startup script for unoconvd listener
# Description:       Startup script for unoconvd listener. Allows starting/stopping/restarting and checking status of unoconvd listener.
### END INIT INFO

# Author: Damyon Wiese <damyon@moodle.com>

# Do NOT "set -e"

# PATH should only include /usr/* if it runs after the mountnfs.sh script
PATH=/sbin:/usr/sbin:/bin:/usr/bin
DESC="Unoconv listener for document conversions"
NAME=unoconv
DAEMON=/usr/bin/$NAME
DAEMON_ARGS="--listener"
PIDFILE=/var/run/$NAME.pid
SCRIPTNAME=/etc/init.d/$NAME
APACHEUSER=www-data

# Exit if the package is not installed
[ -x "$DAEMON" ] || exit 0

# Read configuration variable file if it is present
[ -r /etc/default/$NAME ] && . /etc/default/$NAME

# Load the VERBOSE setting and other rcS variables
. /lib/init/vars.sh

# Define LSB log_* functions.
# Depend on lsb-base (>= 3.2-14) to ensure that this file is present
# and status_of_proc is working.
. /lib/lsb/init-functions

#
# Function that starts the daemon/service
#
do_start()
{
	# Return
	#   0 if daemon has been started
	#   1 if daemon was already running
	#   2 if daemon could not be started
	start-stop-daemon --start --quiet --make-pidfile --background --pidfile $PIDFILE --exec $DAEMON --chuid $APACHEUSER --test > /dev/null \
		|| return 1
	status_of_proc "$DAEMON" "$NAME" > /dev/null
	RETVAL="$?"
	[ "$RETVAL" = 3 ] && start-stop-daemon --start --quiet --make-pidfile --background --pidfile $PIDFILE --exec $DAEMON --chuid $APACHEUSER -- \
		$DAEMON_ARGS \
		|| return 2
	# Add code here, if necessary, that waits for the process to be ready
	# to handle requests from services started subsequently which depend
	# on this one.  As a last resort, sleep for some time.
}

#
# Function that stops the daemon/service
#
do_stop()
{
	# Return
	#   0 if daemon has been stopped
	#   1 if daemon was already stopped
	#   2 if daemon could not be stopped
	#   other if a failure occurred
	start-stop-daemon --stop --quiet --retry=TERM/30/KILL/5 --pidfile $PIDFILE --name $NAME
	RETVAL="$?"
	[ "$RETVAL" = 2 ] && return 2
	# Wait for children to finish too if this is a daemon that forks
	# and if the daemon is only ever run from this initscript.
	# If the above conditions are not satisfied then add some other code
	# that waits for the process to drop all resources that could be
	# needed by services started subsequently.  A last resort is to
	# sleep for some time.
	start-stop-daemon --stop --quiet --oknodo --retry=0/30/KILL/5 --exec $DAEMON
	[ "$?" = 2 ] && return 2
	# Many daemons don't delete their pidfiles when they exit.
	rm -f $PIDFILE

	/usr/bin/killall /usr/lib/libreoffice/program/soffice.bin
    
	return "$RETVAL"
}

#
# Function that sends a SIGHUP to the daemon/service
#
do_reload() {
	#
	# If the daemon can reload its configuration without
	# restarting (for example, when it is sent a SIGHUP),
	# then implement that here.
	#
	start-stop-daemon --stop --signal 1 --quiet --pidfile $PIDFILE --name $NAME
	return 0
}

case "$1" in
  start)
	[ "$VERBOSE" != no ] && log_daemon_msg "Starting $DESC" "$NAME"
	do_start
	case "$?" in
		0|1) [ "$VERBOSE" != no ] && log_end_msg 0 ;;
		2) [ "$VERBOSE" != no ] && log_end_msg 1 ;;
	esac
	;;
  stop)
	[ "$VERBOSE" != no ] && log_daemon_msg "Stopping $DESC" "$NAME"
	do_stop
	case "$?" in
		0|1) [ "$VERBOSE" != no ] && log_end_msg 0 ;;
		2) [ "$VERBOSE" != no ] && log_end_msg 1 ;;
	esac
	;;
  status)
	status_of_proc "$DAEMON" "$NAME" && exit 0 || exit $?
	;;
  #reload|force-reload)
	#
	# If do_reload() is not implemented then leave this commented out
	# and leave 'force-reload' as an alias for 'restart'.
	#
	#log_daemon_msg "Reloading $DESC" "$NAME"
	#do_reload
	#log_end_msg $?
	#;;
  restart|force-reload)
	#
	# If the "reload" option is implemented then remove the
	# 'force-reload' alias
	#
	log_daemon_msg "Restarting $DESC" "$NAME"
	do_stop
	case "$?" in
	  0|1)
		do_start
		case "$?" in
			0) log_end_msg 0 ;;
			1) log_end_msg 1 ;; # Old process is still running
			*) log_end_msg 1 ;; # Failed to start
		esac
		;;
	  *)
		# Failed to stop
		log_end_msg 1
		;;
	esac
	;;
  *)
	#echo "Usage: $SCRIPTNAME {start|stop|restart|reload|force-reload}" >&2
	echo "Usage: $SCRIPTNAME {start|stop|status|restart|force-reload}" >&2
	exit 3
	;;
esac

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