Note: You are currently viewing documentation for Moodle 2.4. Up-to-date documentation for the latest stable version of Moodle may be available here: MySQL.
MySQL is one of the supported databases that underpins a Moodle installation.
- If you are running Linux your preference should be to install using your distributions package manager. This ensures you will get any available updates.
- There are installers available for most popular operating systems at http://www.mysql.com/downloads/mysql/.
- It is possible and reasonably straightforward to build mysql from source but it is not recommended (the pre-built binaries are supposedly better optimised).
- Make sure you set a password for the 'root' user (see http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.0/en/default-privileges.html).
- Consider installing and configuring my.cnf (the MySQL settings file) to suit your needs. The default configuration is usually very conservative in respect of memory usage versus performance.
Creating Moodle database
These are the steps to create an empty Moodle database. Substitute your own database name, user name and password as appropriate.
The instructions assume that the web server and MySQL server are on the same machine. In this case the 'dbhost' is 'localhost'. If they are on different machines substitute the name of the web server for 'localhost' in the following instructions and the 'dbhost' setting will be the name of the database server.
- To create a database using the 'mysql' command line client, first log into MySQL
$ mysql -u root -p Enter password:
(Enter the password you previously set - or been given - for the MySQL 'root' user). After some pre-amble this should take you to the mysql> prompt.
- Create a new database (called 'moodle' - substitute your own name if required). We recommend you use utf8_unicode_ci for collation.
mysql> CREATE DATABASE moodle DEFAULT CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_unicode_ci;
- Add a user/password with the minimum needed permissions:
mysql> GRANT SELECT,INSERT,UPDATE,DELETE,CREATE,CREATE TEMPORARY TABLES,DROP,INDEX,ALTER ON moodle.* TO moodleuser@localhost IDENTIFIED BY 'yourpassword';
...which creates a user called 'moodleuser' with a password 'yourpassword'. Make sure you invent a strong password and resist the temptation to 'GRANT ALL'.
phpMyAdmin is a web based administration tool for MySQL. If this is available you can use it to create a new database. Make sure that you select 'UTF8' as the default character set.