Migration from MyISAM to InnoDB

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Note: You are currently viewing documentation for Moodle 2.3. Up-to-date documentation for the latest stable version is available here: Migration from MyISAM to InnoDB.

(Additional tools may be found elsewhere in the admin settings)

This page only applies to administrators using Moodle with a MySQL database as it's about migrating the MySQL storage engine.

Why migrate to InnoDB?

InnoDB is highly recommended rather than MyISAM because it works more robustly, performs better with big sites and allows better data integrity features (transactions).

It is required if you want to use Moodle's Web services (for the Mobile app for example), and possibly for more features in future.

MySQL Configuration

Before attempting to change the table type, you should:

  • check InnoDB is enabled. Log in to MySQL and run the command SHOW ENGINES. Make sure that support for InnoDB shows either "YES" or "DEFAULT".
  • set innodb_file_per_table if required. This setting can be useful for large installations, but it only affects newly created tables and can't be applied retrospectively.

Various Methods described in Moodle forums (choose one)

  • run the innodb script as a webpage http://www.YOUR_MOODLE_SITE/admin/tool/innodb (v2.2.1 You should be logged into your Moodle site as an administrator - there might be timeout issues on large databases) In earlier versions of Moodle 2.x the script was at http://www.YOUR_MOODLE_SITE/admin/innodb.php
  • use the CLI script in admin/cli/mysql_engine.php (requires access to shell, and the config.php must only have one moodle instance, but has no timeout issues)
  • use PHPMyAdmin entering Structure view of a table and clicking Operations tab. Look for Storage Engine parameter. This is a tedious task due to the number of tables [1]
  • perform a database dump (e.g. mysqldump moodle_database > dump.SQL), use an editor or sed/perl/awk command to find/replace , replacing MyISAM with InnoDB. Finally, restore back in the server. (e.g. mysql < dump.SQL or equivalent). If using this method, be very careful to use the same file encoding on both input and output.
  • Follow the process detailed here - https://sites.google.com/site/moodlemayhem/tcea2011-moodle-server-setup-basics/moodleacidtrip
  • Use the php script (Tested on 1.9 and 2.0/2.2) http://noveckg.blogspot.com/2012/04/moodle-php-script-to-convert-mysql.html

See also

Using Moodle forum discussions: