Web services API

Revision as of 09:10, 25 January 2012 by Martin Dougiamas (talk | contribs) (See also)

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The Web services API allows you to expose particular functions in your module (usually external functions) as web services.

Once you have done this, your functions will be available to admins to configure as part of their Web services over a given protocol like XML-RPC, REST or SOAP.

Exposing a web service function is done in one file: services.php


$functions = array(
        'local_PLUGINNAME_FUNCTIONNAME' => array( // local_PLUGINNAME_FUNCTIONNAME is the name of the web service function that the client will call.                                                                                
                'classname'   => 'local_PLUGINNAME_external', // create this class in local/PLUGINNAME/externallib.php
                'methodname'  => 'FUNCTIONNAME', // implement this function into the above class
                'classpath'   => 'local/PLUGINNAME/externallib.php',
                'description' => 'This documentation will be displayed in the generated API documentation 
                                          (Administration > Plugins > Webservices > API documentation)',
                'type'        => 'write', // the value is 'write' if your function does any database change, otherwise it is 'read'.
  • The second array declare the pre-build services.
// During the plugin installation/upgrade, Moodle installs these services as pre-build services. 
// A pre-build service is not editable by administrator.
$services = array(
        'MY SERVICE' => array(
                'functions' => array ('local_PLUGINNAME_FUNCTIONNAME'), 
                'restrictedusers' => 0, // if 1, the administrator must manually select which user can use this service. 
                                                   // (Administration > Plugins > Web services > Manage services > Authorised users)
                'enabled'=>1, // if 0, then token linked to this service won't work

Finally don't forget to increment the version.php of your plugin on every changes, otherwise Moodle will not know about them.


You will find an example of a services.php file in the web service template plugin. This plugin contains a web service hello_world function. To make testing easy for you, the plugin is distributed with a test client in the folder /client.

See also