Git repositories for contrib modules
The instructions here assume that you have a working knowledge of git.
Managing contrib plugin with git makes it easy to make local modifications and pull in updates. There are several options for managing a contrib plugin with git:
- Add the module to your main moodle git repository
- Create a self-contained repository for the plugin in a subdirectory
- Create a git submodule, which creates a repository for the plugin but tracks updates in the main repository too. It also allows you to clone the plugins with the main repository
Having used all of the above, the method I'd recommend is number 2, as it's most convenient. The main disadvantage of 1 is that you can't easily pull in updates, and the main disadvantage of 3 is that you have to make each commit to the module twice (once in the submodule, and once in the main repo).
Creating a new plugin
If you intend to publish the plugin, I highly recommend creating a github repository from the start. This will allow you to publish with a single command when you're ready. Just go to the site, sign up for an account, create a new repository. The naming convention for Moodle plugin repositories is moodle-plugintype_pluginname.
Github will give you instructions for cloning your (blank) repository. If you're using option 2 above, navigate to the directory for the plugin type you're developing (e.g. /block, /mod, /local) and run the git clone command there. This will create a subdirectory called moodle-plugintype_pluginname, rename this to pluginname and you're good to go. cd into this directory to perform git commands on this plugin's repository - outside of this directory will perform them on the main Moodle repository.
You can then develop and test your changes locally, and when you're ready to publish, run
git push origin
Installing a third-party plugin
Installing a plugin developed by a third party differs depending on whether they have used git or not. If they have used git, you can follow the instructions above, but skip out the part where you create a new github repository and clone their own github (or other public repository) instead.
If they haven't used git, you can still use git (and even github, if you like) to track local modifications to the plugin. Simply create a directory for the plugin
Initialise a new git repository there
cd ~/moodle/blocks/newblock git init
unzip or copy the files to the repository
cd ~ tar -xf newblock.tar.gz cp newblock/* ~/moodle/blocks/newblock
add and commit the files
cd ~/moodle/blocks/newblock git add . git commit . -m "Added files for newblock"
When installing updates, you'll need to copy the new files in place of the old one, and re run the git add and git commit commands.
Moving a plugin to it's own repository
You may have developed a plugin within your main Moodle repository, but want to move it to a separate one to make it easier to publish. Using git filter-branch, we can achieve this and maintain all existing history for the plugin's files.
First, you'll need a fresh copy of moodle (this will become your new moodle repository)
mkdir ~/newmoodle cd ~/newmoodle git clone git://git.moodle.org/moodle.git
This will create a clone of Moodle without your plugins in ~/newmoodle/moodle Next, you need to clone your local Moodle repository (why will become clear).
mkdir ~/moodleclone cd ~/moodleclone git clone ~/moodle
This will create a clone of your current moodle development repository, with your plugins, in ~/moodleclone/moodle Now, we'll use the git filter-branch command to reduce this clone to just the plugin.
cd ~/moodleclone/moodle git filter-branch --subdirectory-filter blocks/myblock/
The files from blocks/myblock/ will now be at the root of the repository. All other files will have been removed (this is why we're using a clone). You can now track the plugin in it's own repository by cloning this reduced repository to a subdirectory of the new moodle clone.
cd ~/newmoodle/blocks git clone ~/moodleclone/moodle myblock
This will clone the block's files, with the full history, into their own repository in the myblock subdirectory. You can now delete ~/moodleclone/moodle, and repeat with any other plugins you've developed.