Lesson Pages

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The intent of this page is to give a slightly different context for teachers concerning lesson pages. Teachers can add 10 different types of pages to a Lesson. 6 basic question types and a content page called a Branch Table. There are 3 navigation "pages" called Cluster, End of Cluster, and End of Branch which give special attributes to a series of pages. Students will only see Questionand Branch Table page types.

OM 1073 – Science for Environment Lecture No 1: Understanding Our Environment

Objectives: 1. Circumstances and conditions that surround an organism or group of organisms. 2. To learn Social and cultural conditions that affect an individual or community.

Environmental Science- definition: Environmental Science is the systematic study of our environment and our place in it. • Highly Interdisciplinary – Involves interrelationship between different branches of study – Agriculture – Biology – Chemistry – Psychology – Philosophy – Sociology – Engineering – Law – Politics – Health – Economics – Ethics – Computers.

• Inclusive – Holistic – Mission oriented


Man and the Environment: According to the available information – total global population reported as 6 billion – and every year nearly 85 million is added to it. Larger share of this increase would be in developing countries which lacks resources and services to support this growth. A very small percentage of the world’s population lives in luxury, while majority of people, who are mostly women and children, live in acute poverty. Human beings have often tried to achieve short term goals at the cost of long-term sustainability.

Sustainability ? Sustainable Development “Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” (Gro Harlem Brundtland) Indigenous Peoples Natives in traditional patterns of habitats – plays significant roles in safeguarding the ecosystem – Unfortunately most of them are less powerful and most neglected. Further, the prevailing systems in most of the countries don’t provide enough opportunities

Exercise Questions:

1. Justify that environmental science requires an interdisciplinary approach across different branches of study.

2. Explain sustainable development.

3. Human beings are the primary reason behind the environmental degradation- Explain.

Branch (Branch Table)- Choice Pages

Branch (we will simply call it Branch) pages have content and buttons at the bottom that students can select. Branch pages can serve as neutral content pages that don't count as a question page in grade or lesson completion calculations.

The basic parts of a Branch page are: Page Title, Page Content, Description(#) and Jump(#). In the edit mode there is an edit toolbar filled with icons directly below the Page Title. At the bottom of the edit mode screen are buttons to redisplay, save or cancel. Small yellow buttons with question marks are help links.

The number of choices (descriptions or answers) can be changed in edit mode as needed by the "Updating the Lesson" button in edit mode. The Maximum number of answers/branches default is 4, but can range from 2 to 20. Teachers may discover that they can not edit a 10 answer question they created, because they changed the lesson setting back to a smaller number.

Lesson branch edit expanded1.GIF

Page Title

In general, the Page Title is used to locate the page. For example, it can be used in jumps or seen in edit modes by the teacher. The title can also be seen by the student in any choice page.

Page Content

Page Content is where material is going to be presented to the student. Page content offers a tool bar with basic formatting icons. Perhaps the simplest form of content is text. Moodle also allows insertion of pictures of various types, links to documents or webpages. Not to mention blank tables, emoticons, and special text characters. And for the brave and HTML savvy, there is a toggle that switches between HTML code and WYSIWYG (what you see it what you get) which allows the teacher to use tags to embed audio or Quicktime video.

In other pages you will read that Branch pages can serve as an initial Table of Contents. You will read more about that in Descriptions and Jumps below.


Descriptions are the choices the student must make. In a branch page these show up as buttons below the page. They can be arranged vertically or horizontally in any branch page. While you can turn on the HTML editor, you will not be able to insert a picture in a button description.

Leaving description 1 blank, will automatically give the student one choice: "continue" with the flow set to next page. This is a Moodle default setting.

Jumps in General

Jumps determine what happens after a student makes a choice.

Jumps can be divided into two types - Relative Jumps and Absolute Jumps. The default navigation using the relative jumps is Next Page and This Page. The destination of the Next Page jump is the next page in the logical order of the lesson. Absolute jumps specify the actual page to show next by specifying of the page's Title.

There is a pull down menu which lists the relative jumps like "next page", "this page" "previous page" and some special navigation pages we will discuss later. There will probably be many absolute page jumps listed in a nearly completed lesson. The teacher selects the page listed in the pull down menu that the student will jump to after their choice, and after seeing the response. See Jumps for more details.

Questions - Choice Pages

Question pages have content and something for the student to answer or select. There can be a specific text responce for each specific answer. Question pages can be scored/graded (see lesson grading) in several ways. These last two features make them different from Branch pages.

There are many types of questions the teacher can select. The help button next to Question type gives a good description of each. In Version 1.6, the question types are on tabs. Be sure to select the question type before starting your question or you could lose your work when you try to change it later. TIP: Often you can start a question, save it, then change it's type without losing your content section.

question in expanded lesson view

Title & Content

The title and content sections are the same as for a branch page. Again, the page title can be important, don't give away the answer!

In some learning situations, the teacher will put lesson material in the page content. At the bottom of the content section, they put the question the student must answer. In other lessons, the question will be the content.


Answers are the choices the student must make. In a question, these can take different forms and show up below the content section page. Each of the question types has its own type of answer. The help button next to Answer offers a good description of each type. The most common is mutiple choice. We will use this type in our examples.

The order of the answers will appear to be random to the students. In other words, two students looking at the same question, will see the answers in a different order. Unlike a Quiz, there is no Lesson setting to turn off the "shuffle".

When form permits, a good practice is to always enter the correct answer(s) first. Moodle does not like skipped answers.

There is also the ability to use all the content editing tools in each of the answers. For example, one answer could be a picture, another text. Normally it is turned off, but checking the box and pressing the redisplay button at the bottom of the page in edit mode, will turn it on.

The default answer for a question with all blank answers is "continue".

Responses in Questions

Template:Moodle 1.7 Every question can have a default or teacher designed response for an answer. Different types of questions use the response field differently. Version 1.7 has a Lesson setting that can turn off the default response.

Each answer can have a unique response in a multiple choice and true/false. There can only be a correct and wrong answer response for multichoice, matching, short answer and numeric questions.

If you want a student to be taken directly from one question to the next irrespective of their answer being correct or incorrect: in the Lesson Settings, set Maximum number of attempts: to "1" and in Version 1.7 Display default feedback to "no".

In earlier versions without the display feedback option, a default response message will still be displayed to the student upon answering each question. Of course you can always enter your own response for every or any answer. However if you want no visible message displayed after the answer, then make sure your enter the special character called a non-breaking space as response in text mode. You will type this in text mode:   (Ampersand nbsp semicolon).

This task is a little easier for those who import questions, just enter the   as the response and you will achieve the desired effect in the Lesson.

Jumps in Questions

Jumps determine what happens after a student makes a choice. See Jumps for more details. Their use is the same as a Branch page jump. Make sure you check lesson settings and flow control to see what will happen if you don't put in an answer or jump for a correct answer.

Usually the presentation mode default for a question with all blank answers is "Next Page". The default for Correct answer is "Next Page. For a wrong answer the default is "This Page." See Lesson Flash Card for lesson setting that create a different random navigational order for the student.

Each answer can have a unique jump in a multiple choice and true/false. There can only be a correct and wrong answer jumps for multichoice, matching, short answer and numeric questions.


The score is used with "custom scoring". It serves as the basis for grading each specific answer. It can be a positive or negative number. The default is 1 for a correct answer and 0 for a wrong answer. It is possible to use other scoring methods which ignore this value. See - link- for a better description of grading and scoring a lesson.


There are several buttons at the bottom. Save and Cancel should explain themselves. Redisplay is used after the "use HTML Editor" box is checked on the answer.

Navigation Pages

There are 3 navigational pages which can be added by the teacher. These provide special special effects and are discussed elsewhere in MoodleDocs. They are not seen by the students and are only used by the teacher.

Cluster Pages - Start and End

Clusters are a series of question or branch pages used by relative jumps for special effects. For example, the teacher can send a student to a question they have not seen before. "A cluster" is defined by the pages that appear between the Start Cluster page and End Cluster page in the logical order. Typically, the pages in "a cluster" are question pages. The page content for a Start and End Cluster are not visible to the student. Using an End Cluster page by itself can act as a hidden redirect page from the students perspective.

See also the MoodleDoc page on Clusters.

End of Branch Page

Inserting an "End of Branch" page creates some new relative jumps for the teacher to use in a series of Lesson pages. These relative jumps are "Random Branch", "Unseen question within a branch" and "Random question within a branch". The series is defined by a Branch Table and an End of Branch page that follows it someplace in the logical order. Usually the single jump in the End of Branch links to the start of the series.

If Lesson expects to find an End of Branch and does not, then it will use all the pages in the logical order to the end of the Lesson.

Please note that Branch Table pages do not require an End of Branch page. See also adding branch tables.

End of Lesson Page

This relative page is created by the Lesson Module. It is called "End of Lesson" in a list of page jumps. It is seen by the student when they finish the lesson. An example appears below. This is also the page where a button linking to the next activity will appear.

Example End of Lesson

Tips & Suggestions

  • Planning is important, in presenting a classroom lesson or in Moodle lesson. We suggest to check your work from the students perspective available in Moodle. There are several ways to do this Viewing_a_lesson. For those new to Moodle, we strongly suggest to learn the way you teach. Start simple and build upon your successes.
  • Looking for title page, a static page, description page or page that just holds information? Use a Branch table page and only add content. Or use a Multiple Choice question page and only add content. Lesson will automatically place a continue button at the bottom of the page when the student views it.

See Also