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{{Grades}}<p class="note">'''Note:''' This page, together with the pages listed in the block on the right, describe the gradebook in Moodle 1.9 onwards. For documentation on the gradebook in Moodle prior to 1.9, see [[Grades pre-1.9]].</p>
{{Tracking progress}}
*[[Grading quick guide]]
*[[Grader report]] - the Gradebook or 'Grader report' is where all  course grades are collated.
*[[Grade settings]] - options for setting defaults and preferences for how the gradebook displays to users.
*[[Managing grades]]
**[[Grade hiding]]
**[[Grade items]]
**[[Grade letters]]
**[[Grade categories]]
**[[Grade calculations]]
**[[Grade history]]
*[[Grade import]]
*[[Grade export]]
*[[Advanced grading methods]]
**[[Marking guide]]
*[[Grades FAQ]]
The concepts of ''grades'' and of ''gradebook'' have been completely revisited in Moodle 1.9. Although these words are used in earlier versions, important differences are documented here in order to avoid misconceptions.
The two central ideas of grading in Moodle 1.9 are:
#'''Grades''' are scores attributed to participants in a Moodle course
#The '''gradebook''' is a repository of these grades: modules push their grades to it, but the gradebook doesn't push anything back to the modules
The three building blocks of the Gradebook in Moodle 1.9 are
*The [[Grade_categories|grade category]]
*The [[Grade_items|grade item]]
*The grade (see above)
As an overview:
*A grade category groups grade items together, and has settings for affecting these grade items
*A grade item stores a grade for each course participant, and has settings for affecting these grades
*A grade has settings for affecting how it is displayed to the users, as well as [[Grade locking|locking]] and [[Grade hiding|hiding]] functions.
Grades can be [[Grade_calculations|calculated]], [[Grade_categories#Aggregation|aggregated]] and [[Grader_report#Display|displayed]] in a variety of ways, the many settings having been designed to suit the needs of a great variety of organisations.
Many activities in Moodle, such as [[Assignment module|assignments]], [[Forum module|forums]] and [[Quiz module|quizzes]] may be given grades. Grades may have numerical values, or words/phrases from a [[Scales|scale or rating system]].
Grades can also be used as [[Outcomes|outcomes]] and as arbitrary text attributed to each participant in a course.
==Grades pushed by modules==
When activity modules produce grades, they use the [[Development:Grades#API_for_communication_with_modules.2Fblocks|gradebook public API]] to push (or send) their grades to the gradebook. These grades are then stored in database tables that are independent of the modules. The grades are still kept in the module database tables, and the gradebook will never access or modify these original grades.
The gradebook, however, provides administrators and teachers with tools for changing the ways in which grades are calculated, aggregated and displayed, as well as [[grade/edit/tree/grade|means to change the grades manually]] (a manual edit of a grade automatically locks the grade in the gradebook, so that the module which originally created the grade can no longer update that grade in the gradebook until the grade is unlocked).
==Settings affecting grades==
Being the smallest unit in the gradebook, the grade is affected by many settings at different levels. Here is a list of these levels, in hierarchical order:
*[[General_grade_settings|Site-wide general settings]]
*[[Grade_category_settings|Site-wide grade category settings]]
*[[Grade_item_settings|Site-wide grade item settings]]
*[[Gradebook_report_settings|Gradebook report settings]]
*[[Gradebook_course_settings|Course settings]]
*[[Grade_categories|Category settings]]
*[[Grade_items|Grade item settings]]
*[[grade/edit/tree/grade|Grade settings]]
[[Outcomes]] are specific descriptions of what a student is expected to be able to do or understand at the completion of an activity or course. An activity might have more than one outcome, and each may have a grade against it (usually on a [[Scales|scale]]).
==Gradebook reports==
The gradebook includes a variety of reports, available via the grades link in each [[Course administration block|course administration block]]:
* [[Grader report]] - The main teacher view of a course gradebook. The "[[Grade preferences|My report preferences]]" tab in the grader report enables teachers to change how the grader report is displayed.
* [[Outcomes report]]
* [[Overview report]]
* [[User report]]
==Grades organisation==
Teachers may organise grades into [[Grade categories|grade categories]], [[Grade import|import]] and/or [[Grade export|export]] grades, and make [[Grade calculations|grade calculations]].
Symbols to represent ranges of grades may be set as [[Grade letters|grade letters]].
Administrators may control the appearance of the gradebook site-wide by adjusting settings available via the grades link in the site administration block:
*[[General grade settings]]
*[[Grade category settings]]
*[[Grade item settings]]
*[[Gradebook report settings]]
==See also==
*Using Moodle [http://moodle.org/mod/forum/view.php?id=2122 Gradebook forum]
Video tutorials:
*[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YeUy-_kbvqQ Basic Moodle Gradebook howto]
*[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5hrLNbifiGQ Gradebook reports]
*[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lXEefYe3qdk How to use the grade item settings and grade letters at admin level]
*[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sUslTuZPu6A Grade category settings]
*[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EB58W3KePBc How to set up the gradebook]
*[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PmkEGfvjj9U How to use outcomes in Moodle]
*[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yZcbN_7p2zI How to export grades from the gradebook]
*[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p6zWwJGb9TA How to use gradebook site settings and defaults]
*[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WKUGyzAXcyA How to set up calculations in the gradebook (basic)]
*[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VBEj8mmu8lM How to set up calculations in the gradebook (advanced)]
*[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jWPUEqdhI4A How to change the display of grades in the gradebook]
[[de:Bewertungen in Moodle]]

Latest revision as of 08:15, 21 January 2020