Difference between revisions of "Security overview report"

Jump to: navigation, search
(Added brief instructions for each check)
Line 1: Line 1:
{{stub}}{{Moodle 1.9}}[[Image:Security overview.png|thumb|left|Security overview]]
{{stub}}{{Moodle 1.9}}[[Image:Security overview.png|thumb|right|Security overview]]

Revision as of 07:35, 5 February 2009

Template:Moodle 1.9
Security overview

Location: Administration > Reports > Security overview

The security overview report is available in Moodle 1.9.4 onwards.

Register globals

register_globals is a PHP setting that must be disabled for Moodle to operate safely.

Insecure dataroot

The dataroot is the directory where Moodle stores user files. It should not be directly accessible via the web.

Displaying of PHP errors

If PHP is set to display errors, then anyone can enter a faulty URL causing PHP to give up valuable information about directory structures and so on.

No authentication

Use of the "no authentication" plugin can be dangerous, allowing people to access the site without authenticating.


Allowing ordinary users to embed Flash and other media in their texts (eg forum posts) can be a problem because those rich media objects can be used to steal admin or teacher access, even if the media object is on another server.

Enabled .swf media filter

Even the flash media filter can be abused to include malicious flash files.

Open user profiles

User profiles should not be open to the web without authentication, both for privacy reasons and because spammers then have a platform to publish spam on your site.

Open to Google

Allowing Google to enter your site means that all the contents become available to the world. Don't use this unless it's a really public site.

Password policy

Using a password policy will force your users to use stronger passwords that are less susceptible to being cracked by a intruder.

Email change confirmation

You should generally always force users to confirm email address changes via an extra step where a confirmation link is sent to the user.

Writable config.php

The config.php file must not be writeable by the web server process. If it is, then it is possible for another vulnerability to allow attackers to rewrite the Moodle code and display whatever they want.

XSS trusted users

Make sure that you trust all the people on this list: they are the ones with permissions to potentially write XSS exploits in forums etc.


Review your administrator accounts and make sure you only have what you need.

Registered user role

This checks that the registered user role is defined with sane permissions.

Guest role

This checks that the guest role is defined with sane permissions.

Frontpage role

This checks that the frontpage user role is defined with sane permissions.

Default course role (global)

This checks that the default course role globally is defined with sane permissions.

Default roles (courses)

This check alerts you if any courses are using an odd default course role.

See also