Difference between revisions of "Installing MSSQL for PHP"

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m (93, is 91.93 (in Matt Rusiniak words))
(FreeTDS was removed in PHP 7.0, Moodle requires PHP 7.0+ so the FreeTDS sections have been removed. Also updated Apache link to v4.3 driver)
 
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This short manual is suitable if you are trying to run Moodle using the SQL*Server (MSSQL) RDBMS. Steps detailed below must be performed '''before''' installing Moodle itself.
 
This short manual is suitable if you are trying to run Moodle using the SQL*Server (MSSQL) RDBMS. Steps detailed below must be performed '''before''' installing Moodle itself.
  
Some of this may also apply if you wish to access an MSSQL server for external db authentication/enrollment.  
+
Some of this may also apply if you wish to access an MSSQL server for external database authentication/enrollment.  
  
First of all, minimum required version of MSSQL has been stabilised to MSSQL 2005 (v.9).
+
The minimum required version of Microsoft SQL Server has been stabilised to SQL Server 2008.
 
 
While PHP comes with one, more or less, standard extension (mssql) that provides access to MSSQL databases, early we found some hard limits on it. Basically such default extension has some limits that prevent us to use it at all (you can find more info about these problems [[Development:XMLDB problems#MSSQL, PHP, UTF-8 and UCS-2|here]]).
 
 
 
So, in order to allow PHP (i.e. Moodle) to access to MSSQL DBs properly we have to install a '''mssql extension alternative''' to save us from the problems related above. See the sections below for details about the various options.
 
  
 
== Installation overview ==
 
== Installation overview ==
Line 21: Line 17:
 
3. Open the "SQL Server Management Studio" and create a new empty database.  If you are using the "sa" account then you don't need to do anything else here.
 
3. Open the "SQL Server Management Studio" and create a new empty database.  If you are using the "sa" account then you don't need to do anything else here.
  
4. Configure these settings in your created (and still empty) database:
+
<span id="Configuration"></span>4. Configure these settings in your created (and still empty) database:
 
Configure these settings in your created (and still empty) database:
 
Configure these settings in your created (and still empty) database:
 
:*Use a case sensitive collation, such as Latin1_General_CS_AS.
 
:*Use a case sensitive collation, such as Latin1_General_CS_AS.
Line 29: Line 25:
 
:** In older versions this is not settable via the DB properties. To set READ_COMMITTED_SNAPSHOT, there must be no active connections to the database except for the connection executing the ALTER command. If you are viewing the DB in the Server Management Studio, disconnect from any servers in the "Object Explorer" (right-click > Disconnect), then create a "New Query" and run the ALTER command. See http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb522682.aspx for details.
 
:** In older versions this is not settable via the DB properties. To set READ_COMMITTED_SNAPSHOT, there must be no active connections to the database except for the connection executing the ALTER command. If you are viewing the DB in the Server Management Studio, disconnect from any servers in the "Object Explorer" (right-click > Disconnect), then create a "New Query" and run the ALTER command. See http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb522682.aspx for details.
 
:** If your DB name starts with a number, you may need to put quotes around the DB name in the query.
 
:** If your DB name starts with a number, you may need to put quotes around the DB name in the query.
 
  
 
5. Get PHP installed with a web server.  Unless you want to do it under IIS or some other way, the packages on the [http://download.moodle.org Moodle download page] are a good solution.
 
5. Get PHP installed with a web server.  Unless you want to do it under IIS or some other way, the packages on the [http://download.moodle.org Moodle download page] are a good solution.
  
6. Choose one of the following specific sections for your server to install the '''mssql extension alternative''' installed and running properly on your PHP box.
+
6. Download the PHP extension for SQL Server access following the instructions under [[#Microsoft_Drivers_for_SQL_Server_for_PHP|Microsoft Drivers for SQL Server for PHP]].
 
 
7. Set the following settings in your php.ini file
 
:* mssql.textlimit = 20971520
 
:* mssql.textsize = 20971520
 
  
8. With all this properly configured, you can continue with a [[Installing Moodle|standard Moodle installation]].
+
7. With all this properly configured, you can continue with a [[Installing Moodle|standard Moodle installation]].
  
 
== Microsoft Drivers for SQL Server for PHP ==
 
== Microsoft Drivers for SQL Server for PHP ==
Line 47: Line 38:
 
When using [[IIS]] it is strongly recommended to use the official Microsoft PHP installer from http://php.iis.net/, it should include the latest version of necessary drivers and it also simplifies future upgrades and configuration.
 
When using [[IIS]] it is strongly recommended to use the official Microsoft PHP installer from http://php.iis.net/, it should include the latest version of necessary drivers and it also simplifies future upgrades and configuration.
  
For Windows servers with [[Apache]] see http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=20098.
+
For Windows servers with [[Apache]] see https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=55642.
  
 
To know more about how to run Moodle with these drivers go to [[Using the Microsoft SQL Server Driver for PHP]].
 
To know more about how to run Moodle with these drivers go to [[Using the Microsoft SQL Server Driver for PHP]].
 
== Using FreeTDS on Windows ==
 
 
<p class="note">'''Important Note 1:''' Due to some previous bugs it's highly recommendable to use PHP >= 5.2.6 and FreeTDS 0.82 + post-release patches ([http://tracker.moodle.org/browse/MDL-14725 more info]).</p>
 
 
If your web server is on Windows, use '''php_dblib.dll'''. Despite the name, it's FreeTDS compiled for Windows. (Go to this page for information on [https://docs.moodle.org/en/FreeTDS Using FreeTDS for Unix].)
 
 
Originally we were using the DLLs available at [http://kromann.info/article.php?Id=11062598797760000 Frank Kromann's site], but they are outdated (using old versions of FreeTDS) and that has caused [http://tracker.moodle.org/browse/MDL-14725 some problems] in the past.
 
 
So, right now, the recommended way to use FreeTDS under Windows is to use PHP 5.2.x following the following instructions:
 
 
1. Download the appropriate copy of php_dblib.dll from the list below, and save it into your /PHP/ext directory.
 
 
{| border="1" align="center" cellpadding="5" style="text-align: center;"
 
|-
 
! PHP version !! [http://www.iis-aid.com/articles/my_word/difference_between_php_thread_safe_and_non_thread_safe_binaries Thread Safe]  !! FreeTDS version !! Download URL
 
|-
 
| rowspan="2" | PHP 5.2.x (vc6) || Yes || 0.82 + 20090302 patches || [http://download.moodle.org/download.php/dblib/php52/DBLIB_TS.zip Download!]
 
|-
 
| No || 0.82 + 20090302 patches || [http://download.moodle.org/download.php/dblib/php52/DBLIB_NOTS.zip Download!]
 
|-
 
| rowspan="2" | PHP 5.3.x (vc6) || Yes || 0.82 + 20090904 patches (unconfirmed) || [http://download.moodle.org/download.php/dblib/php53_vc6/DBLIB_TS.zip Download!]
 
|-
 
| No || 0.82 + 20090904 patches (unconfirmed) || [http://download.moodle.org/download.php/dblib/php53_vc6/DBLIB_NOTS.zip Download!]
 
|-
 
| rowspan="2" | PHP 5.3.x (vc9) || Yes || 0.82 + 20090904 patches || [http://download.moodle.org/download.php/dblib/php53_vc9/DBLIB_TS.zip Download!]
 
|-
 
| No || 0.82 + 20090904 patches || [http://download.moodle.org/download.php/dblib/php53_vc9/DBLIB_NOTS.zip Download!]
 
|-
 
| rowspan="2" | PHP 5.4.x (vc9) || Yes || 0.82 + 20110906 patches || [http://download.moodle.org/download.php/dblib/php54_vc9/DBLIB_TS.zip Download!] Mirrors: [http://inethub.olvi.net.ua/ftp/pub/soft/programming/php/ms%20sql%20driver%20for%20%20php%205.4.10/dblib_ts.zip 1] [ftp://inethub.olvi.net.ua/pub/soft/programming/php/ms%20sql%20driver%20for%20%20php%205.4.10/DBLIB_TS.zip 2 (ftp)] [http://www.sendspace.com/file/vtger3 3]
 
|-
 
| No || 0.82 + 20110906 patches || [http://download.moodle.org/download.php/dblib/php54_vc9/DBLIB_TS.zip Download!] Mirrors: [http://inethub.olvi.net.ua/ftp/pub/soft/programming/php/ms%20sql%20driver%20for%20%20php%205.4.10/dblib_nts.zip 1] [ftp://inethub.olvi.net.ua/pub/soft/programming/php/ms%20sql%20driver%20for%20%20php%205.4.10/DBLIB_NTS.zip 2 (ftp)] [http://www.sendspace.com/file/nkg2j4 3]
 
|-
 
| rowspan="2" | PHP 5.5.x (vc11-x86) || Yes || 0.91.89 || [http://download.moodle.org/download.php/dblib/php55_vc11_x86/DBLIB_TS.zip Download!]
 
|-
 
| No || 0.91.89 || [http://download.moodle.org/download.php/dblib/php55_vc11_x86/DBLIB_NOTS.zip Download!]
 
|-
 
| rowspan="2" | PHP 5.5.x (vc11-x64) || Yes || 0.91.93 || [http://download.moodle.org/download.php/dblib/php55_vc11_x64/DBLIB_TS.zip Download!]
 
|-
 
| No || 0.91.93 || [http://download.moodle.org/download.php/dblib/php55_vc11_x64/DBLIB_NOTS.zip Download!]
 
|-
 
| colspan="4" |  Thanks to [http://remote-learner.net/ Remote-Learner]] (Moodle [http://moodle.com/partners/ Partner]) and specially to Bryan Williams, donating one Visual C++ 6.0 Pro license to Moodle. Thanks to Trevor Johnson and his builds of the dblib extensions. Thanks to Daniele, Doug, Luis, Sean and many others by their collaboration in MDL-14725. Thanks to Frediano Ziglio and James K. Lowden from [http://freetds.org freetds.org] by their support. Thanks to [[User:Alastair Hole|Alastair Hole]] and Matt Rusiniak for providing the PHP 5.3 builds of the libraries. Thanks to Enyby by providing the PHP 5.4 builds of the libraries. Thanks to David Aylmer and Matt Rusiniak for providing the PHP 5.5 builds of the libraries. Thanks!
 
|}
 
 
(alternatively here you can find some [[Development:Compiling FreeTDS under Windows|instructions to build those freetds extensions under win32]] yourself)
 
 
 
2. FreeTDS requires the .NET Framework v1.1 to be installed.  You can [http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyID=262d25e3-f589-4842-8157-034d1e7cf3a3&DisplayLang=en download it from the Microsoft website] along with its [http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyID=a8f5654f-088e-40b2-bbdb-a83353618b38&DisplayLang=en service pack].  Alternatively, if you do not wish to install this framework, you can [http://kromann.info/ms-libs/msvcr71.dll download the required DLL] from Frank's site, and save it into your /PHP root directory.
 
 
 
3. Edit your /PHP/php.ini file and add this line:
 
 
  extension=php_dblib.dll
 
 
Make sure that any lines referring to the php_mssql.dll extension are DISABLED (commented out).
 
 
 
4. When the PHP engine loads the FreeTDS extension it needs to be passed certain infiormation in order to be able to connect to your Moodle database. To retrieve this information FreeTDS looks for a file called '''freetds.conf''' in the root folder of the server that PHP installed on (e.g. C:\).
 
 
 
'''freetds.conf''' should have the following structure:
 
 
  [global]
 
      host = xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx (host name or ip of the MSSQL server)
 
      port = 1433
 
      client charset = UTF-8
 
      tds version = 8.0
 
      text size = 20971520
 
 
 
If you want to connect to a particular [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa174516(SQL.80).aspx instance] of MSSQL you should specify the instance name:
 
 
  [global]
 
      host = xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx (host name or ip of the MSSQL server)
 
      instance = xxx (instance name, e.g. INST2)
 
      port = 1433
 
      client charset = UTF-8
 
      tds version = 8.0
 
      text size = 20971520
 
 
 
'''Notes:'''
 
*You can configure FreeTDS to look for the freetds.conf file in any directory that you want - you don't have to use C:\. To do this create a SYSTEM environment variable called '''FREETDS''' and point it to the directory where you have installed the freetds.conf file. If you do not set this environment variable FreeTDS will look for the freetds.conf file in the C:\ folder, which is the default. One possible benefit of setting the FREETDS environment variable and using a different installation directory for freetds.conf is that C:\ is very predictable to a hacker that knows anything about FreeTDS and that is the first place that he would look if he wanted to compromise your system. So, using a different installation directory would just make your system stronger. See the FreeTDS [http://www.freetds.org/userguide/envvar.htm Setting the environment variables] documentation for more information about this FREETDS environment variable.
 
 
*Alternatively, you can [[Development:Compiling FreeTDS under Windows|recompile]] the FreeTDS extension yourself and change the default location to your preferred location at compile time. Then it is not necessary to create any environment variable. You must just ensure that freetds.conf is in the same folder that you specify when you compile php_dblib.dll.
 
 
*MSSQL is usually installed with port 1433 as the default. However, if the port was changed on your server when you installed MSSQL then you need to specify the correct port number.
 
 
 
5. Your Moodle '''config.php''' should include lines like these:
 
 
<code php>
 
$CFG->dbtype    = 'mssql';        // Required
 
$CFG->dbhost    = 'localhost';      // assuming MS SQL is on the same server, otherwise use an IP
 
$CFG->dbname    = 'moodle';        // or whatever you called the database you created
 
$CFG->dbuser    = 'yourusername';  // I usually use the 'sa' account (dbowner perms are enough)
 
$CFG->dbpass    = 'yourpassword';
 
$CFG->dbpersist =  false;
 
$CFG->prefix    = 'mdl_';            //Prefix, you can change it, but NEVER leave it blank.
 
</code>
 
 
If you don't have a config.php file yet, it can be generated as normal from the Moodle installer. Alternatively you can use the config-dist.php file that comes with the Moodle package to create your own config.php file.
 
 
 
6. Restart or start your web server.  If Moodle still cannot communicate with the database server, please turn display_startup_errors to "On" in your /PHP/php.ini file, then restart the web server and check for any errors that may indicate incorrect DLL versions or missing dependencies.  These error reports, turned off by default in PHP, can be vital in locating a problem with new extension installations.
 
 
 
7. Database conection test, try this PHP script, just put in a text file called test.php change ('localhost', 'db_user', 'db_password') to suite your setup, and load from local host (http://localhost/test.php)...
 
 
<code php>
 
<?php
 
$link = mssql_connect('localhost', 'db_user', 'db_password');
 
if(!$link) {
 
echo'Could not connect';
 
die('Could not connect: ' . mssql_error());
 
}
 
echo'Successful connection';
 
mssql_close($link);
 
?>
 
</code>
 
 
8. Install Moodle as usual.  Good luck!
 
 
 
=== Troubleshooting ===
 
If you encounter some problems you can try:
 
*check that you have DotNet framework 1.1 installed (later version are installed on Vista, but you could need this specific one)<br />
 
*enable TCP/IP for MSSQL: SQL Server 2005 Network Configuration -> Protocols for MSSQLSERVER -> TCP/IP (Enable) -> Properties -> Ip Addresses -> 127.0.0.1 (Active+Enable)<br />
 
*make sure the SQL Server Browser service is running SQL Server 2005 Network Configuration -> SQL Server Services<br />
 
*if you are using SQL Server 2005 and you have the error ''4004: Unicode data in a Unicode-only collation or ntext data cannot be sent to clients using DB-Library (such as ISQL) or ODBC version 3.7 or earlier'', try the ODBTP method (next chapter). The SQL Server complaining that it doesn't support pure Unicode via TDS or older versions of ODBC. Microsoft has deprecated DB-Library a long ago, in favor of ODBC, OLE DB, or SQL Native Client. Many new features of SQL 2005 aren't accessible via DB-Library so if you need them, you could have to switch away from tools based on TDS and DB-Library :(
 
 
== FreeTDS on Linux (on Ubuntu by compiling an mssql.so extension) ==
 
This is a good read to [http://www.robert-gonzalez.com/2009/02/18/building-the-php-ms-sql-server-extension-from-source-on-ubuntu-810/ building a FreeTDS based mssql extension for apache on Ubuntu]. Do note that [http://www.freetds.org/news.html freeTDS] 0.91 was recently released, you can find latest versions [http://freetds.sourceforge.net/ here].
 
 
Note: the freetds.conf file you use should have "text size = 20971520" as mentioned in the FreeTDS on Windows section otherwise you might see sessions logging out or worse apache segmentation faults. Also see [[FreeTDS]].
 
 
Note2: Please note that updating php tends to remove the freetds configurations. You might need to reconfigure freetds after an upgrade
 
 
== Using FreeTDS on Debian Lenny ==
 
I found the following solution using:
 
* PHP Version 5.2.6-1+lenny9
 
* Microsoft SQL Server Enterprise Edition, version: 9.00.4053.00
 
<pre>apt-get install libsybdb5 freetds-common php5-sybase
 
/etc/init.d/apache2 restart</pre>
 
At the end of the process, if all goes fine, you will find in the mssql section of phpinfo();
 
 
{| class="nicetable"
 
|-
 
! MSSQL Support
 
! enabled
 
|-
 
| Library version
 
| FreeTDS
 
|}
 
 
Once FreeTDS is correctly installed, don not forget to set it up following explanations in https://docs.moodle.org/en/FreeTDS
 
  
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==

Latest revision as of 18:20, 28 February 2018

Introduction

This short manual is suitable if you are trying to run Moodle using the SQL*Server (MSSQL) RDBMS. Steps detailed below must be performed before installing Moodle itself.

Some of this may also apply if you wish to access an MSSQL server for external database authentication/enrollment.

The minimum required version of Microsoft SQL Server has been stabilised to SQL Server 2008.

Installation overview

1. Get MSSQL Server installed and running. (A free limited version, SQL Server Express Edition is available for testing.)

Make sure that you choose mixed authentication (Windows and local accounts) to keep things simpler later. You'll be asked to define the "sa" account password (it's the default System Administrator account which has full access to all databases by default).

2. Make sure MS SQL Server can accept incoming TCP/IP connections on port 1433 (the standard one).

You might need to explicitly allow this in your Windows firewall (see the Control Panel). You may also need to edit options in the :SQL Server Configuration Manager -> Network Configuration -> Protocols -> TCP/IP enabled

3. Open the "SQL Server Management Studio" and create a new empty database. If you are using the "sa" account then you don't need to do anything else here.

4. Configure these settings in your created (and still empty) database: Configure these settings in your created (and still empty) database:

  • Use a case sensitive collation, such as Latin1_General_CS_AS.
  • ANSI NULLS Enabled = True (ALTER DATABASE xxxx SET ANSI_NULLS ON)
  • Quoted Identifiers Enabled = True (ALTER DATABASE xxxx SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON)
  • Is Read Committed transaction ON = True (ALTER DATABASE xxxx SET READ_COMMITTED_SNAPSHOT ON)
    • In older versions this is not settable via the DB properties. To set READ_COMMITTED_SNAPSHOT, there must be no active connections to the database except for the connection executing the ALTER command. If you are viewing the DB in the Server Management Studio, disconnect from any servers in the "Object Explorer" (right-click > Disconnect), then create a "New Query" and run the ALTER command. See http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb522682.aspx for details.
    • If your DB name starts with a number, you may need to put quotes around the DB name in the query.

5. Get PHP installed with a web server. Unless you want to do it under IIS or some other way, the packages on the Moodle download page are a good solution.

6. Download the PHP extension for SQL Server access following the instructions under Microsoft Drivers for SQL Server for PHP.

7. With all this properly configured, you can continue with a standard Moodle installation.

Microsoft Drivers for SQL Server for PHP

In July 2008 Microsoft released a new SQL Server Driver for PHP. This is a PHP extension that allows PHP scripts to read and write data on Microsoft SQL Server databases and it overcomes the problems with the native SQL Server extension that was previously bundled with PHP.

When using IIS it is strongly recommended to use the official Microsoft PHP installer from http://php.iis.net/, it should include the latest version of necessary drivers and it also simplifies future upgrades and configuration.

For Windows servers with Apache see https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=55642.

To know more about how to run Moodle with these drivers go to Using the Microsoft SQL Server Driver for PHP.

See also