Difference between revisions of "Roles and permissions"

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{{Roles and capabilities}}
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{{Managing a Moodle site}}
<p class="note">'''Please refer to [[TOC_with_notes#Roles and capabilities|these notes]] before editing this page.'''</p>
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A role is a collection of permissions defined for the whole system that you can assign to specific users in specific contexts. The combination of roles and context define a specific user's ability to do something on any page.  The most common examples are the roles of student and teacher in the context of a course.  
Roles are groups of permissions.  Users are assigned roles in specific contexts. The combination of roles and context define a specific user's capability on any page.  The most common example are the roles of student and teacher in the context of a course.  
 
  
:'''Note:''' In many instances "capabilities" and "permissions" are used interchangeably, but they are actually a pair. Capabilities are  editable variables, whereas permissions are the value give to a capability.
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*[[Managing roles]]
 
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*[[Assign roles]]
==Definitions==
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*[[User policies]]
;Role
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*[[Using roles]]
:An identifier of the user's status within each Context. The status depends upon permissions given for one or more capabilities in any given context. A role can often change within different contexts. 
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*[[Standard roles]]
::For example Teacher and Student are standard user roles. These roles probably have different capabilities in some contexts but may share permissions in the other.
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*[[Creating custom roles]]
:When Moodle is first installed, a number of [[Standard roles]] are created automatically.
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*[[Role export and import]]
;Capability
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*[[Permissions]]
:A description of a particular Moodle feature. A list of many capabilities can be seen in the [https://docs.moodle.org/en/Category:Capabilities capability category index page].
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*[[Override permissions]]
::For example [[Capabilities/moodle/blog:create|moodle/blog:create]](writing blog entries) or "Backup course" are two capabilities.  Note the "<nowiki>mod/blog:create</nowiki>" notation is a common to identify a capability.
 
;Permission
 
:A setting for a capability. Can be any one of four: not set/inherit, allow, prevent or prohibit.
 
;Context
 
:A "space" in Moodle. [[Image:context.png|frame|thumb 150px|right|Each context can have a different role assigned to a User]]
 
::For example: a course, activity module or block can each be a context. 
 
::Some contexts can contain multiple contexts in their space, For example, a course can contain a lesson, assignment, forum and quiz modules, plus blocks.
 
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
  
*[[Useful things a teacher can do with roles]]
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*[[Roles FAQ]]
*[[Development:Roles administration improvements for Moodle 2.0]]
 
*[[How permissions are calculated]]
 
*[[:Category:Capabilities]]
 
*Using Moodle [http://moodle.org/mod/forum/view.php?id=6826 Roles and Capabilities forum]
 
  
 
[[Category:Roles]]
 
[[Category:Roles]]
  
[[cs:Role]]
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[[de:Rollen und Rechte]]
[[es:Roles y capacidades]]
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[[es:Roles y permisos]]
 
[[eu:Rolak]]
 
[[eu:Rolak]]
[[fr:Rôles et capacités]]
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[[fr:Rôles et permissions]]
[[ja:ロールおよびケイパビリティ]]
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[[it:Ruoli e autorizzazioni]]
[[ru:Роли и возможности]]
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[[ja:ロールおよびパーミッション]]
[[de:Rollen und Rechte]]
 

Latest revision as of 14:26, 5 December 2018

A role is a collection of permissions defined for the whole system that you can assign to specific users in specific contexts. The combination of roles and context define a specific user's ability to do something on any page. The most common examples are the roles of student and teacher in the context of a course.

See also