Difference between revisions of "Quiz settings"

Jump to: navigation, search
m (course/mod/quiz moved to Creating a quiz)
(Timing)
 
(206 intermediate revisions by 30 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
{{Quizzes}}
+
{{Quiz}}
 +
Creating a new quiz is a two-step process. In the first step, you create the quiz activity and set its options which specify the rules for interacting with the quiz. In the second step you add questions to the quiz.
 +
This page describes the options you can set for the quiz activity. The page [[Building Quiz]] describes how to set up the questions for the quiz.
  
==Creating a Quiz==
+
==Quiz administration==
 +
When you first set up your quiz from ''Add an activity or resource > Quiz'', (or, if you don't have this link, the dropdown ''Add an activity>Quiz'') you will get the following settings, (which can also be changed later in the Edit Settings link of the Quiz administration settings block) All settings may expanded by clicking the "Expand all" link top right.
  
Creating a new quiz is a two-step process. In the first step you create the quiz activity and set its options which specify the rules for interacting with the quiz. In a second step you will then [[mod/quiz/edit|edit the quiz]] to add questions to it. This page describes the options you can set for the quiz activity, the page [[mod/quiz/edit|Editing a quiz]] describes how to set up the questions for the quiz.
+
==General==
 
+
Add a name here (which students will click on to access the quiz) and, if desired, a description of what they must do.
==Quiz options==
 
There is a large number of options and your administrator should already have chosen the default values for most of them so that you will not have to modify them for the type of quiz that you use most often. The administrator may also have classified some of the settings as 'advanced' which means that they will be hidden from the setup screen by default. This can help to keep the screen simpler. You can turn on the display of these advanced options by clicking on the '''Show advanced settings''' button. They will then remain visible until you click on '''Hide advanced settings'''.
 
 
 
;Name
 
This is the standard name field that every activity has. The name will be used for the link text on the course page and also on the [[mod/quiz/index|quiz index screen]].
 
 
 
;Introduction
 
:Write an introduction for the quiz. Be sure to include any special instructions for taking the quiz like the number of attempts allowed or scoring rules. This introduction will be shown to the student already on the [[mod/quiz/view|quiz introduction screen]] that they reach after clicking on the quiz name on the course page. So they can see this description before they click on the "Attempt quiz" link and thus before the quiz timer is started (if used).
 
  
 +
==Timing==
 +
{{Note|The user's time-zone - as set in the user profile - only affects how a particular time is displayed to that user. The actual timing for the quiz is not changed by that.}}
 
;Open the quiz
 
;Open the quiz
:You can specify times when the quiz is accessible for people to make attempts. Before the opening time the quiz will be unavailable to students. They will be able to view the quiz introduction but will not be able to view the questions.
+
:You can specify times when the quiz is accessible for people to make attempts. Before the opening time the quiz will be unavailable to students. They will be able to view the quiz introduction but will not be able to view the questions. Quizzes with start times in the future display both the open and close date for students.
 
 
 
;Close the quiz
 
;Close the quiz
 
:After the closing time, the students will not be able to start new attempts. Answers that the student submits after the quiz closing date will be saved but they will not be marked.  
 
:After the closing time, the students will not be able to start new attempts. Answers that the student submits after the quiz closing date will be saved but they will not be marked.  
 
+
: Even after the quiz has closed students will still be able to see the quiz description and review their attempts. What exactly they will see depends on the settings you choose for review options (see below).
: Even after the quiz has closed students will still be able to see the quiz description and review their attempts. What exactly they will see depends on the settings you choose under '''Students may review:'''.
 
 
 
 
;Time limit
 
;Time limit
 
:By default, quizzes do not have a time limit, which allows students as much time as they need to complete the quiz. If you do specify a time limit, several things are done to try and ensure that quizzes are completed within that time:
 
:By default, quizzes do not have a time limit, which allows students as much time as they need to complete the quiz. If you do specify a time limit, several things are done to try and ensure that quizzes are completed within that time:
  
# Javascript support in the browser becomes mandatory - this allows the timer to work correctly.  
+
[[File:quiz timer.png|thumb|Navigation block showing quiz timer]]
# A floating timer window is shown with a countdown
+
 
 +
# A countdown timer is shown in the quiz navigation block
 
# When the timer has run out, the quiz is submitted automatically with whatever answers have been filled in so far  
 
# When the timer has run out, the quiz is submitted automatically with whatever answers have been filled in so far  
# If a student manages to cheat and spends more than 60 seconds over the allotted time then the quiz is automatically graded zero
+
# If a student manages to cheat and goes over the allotted time, no marks are awarded for any answers entered after the time ran out
 +
;When time expires..
  
;Questions per page
+
There are three options as to what will happen when the time limit is up. Choose the one you need from the dropdown menu:
:For longer quizzes it makes sense to stretch the quiz over several pages by limiting the number of questions per page. When adding questions to the quiz, page breaks will automatically be inserted according to the setting you choose here. However, you will also be able to move page breaks around by hand later on the editing page.
+
# Open attempts are submitted automatically (This is the default)
 +
# There is a grace period when open attempts can be submitted, but no more questions answered
 +
# Attempts must be submitted before time expires, or they are not counted
 +
 
 +
If you select "''There is a grace period...''" then you can check the box to enable the "Submission grace period" and specify a period of time during which learners may still submit the quiz after the time is up.
  
;Shuffle questions
+
The option "''Attempts must be submitted before time expires, or they are not counted''" only applies when students have started an attempt, but are not actively editing an attempt when the time limit is reached. In such a case, the attempt will not be counted. Any attempt which is open when the time limit is reached will be automatically submitted.
:If you enable this option, then the order of questions in the quiz will be randomly shuffled each time a student starts a new attempt at the quiz. This is not related to the use of Random Questions, this is only about the displayed order of questions. The intention is to make it a little harder for students to copy from each other.
 
  
;Shuffle answers
+
{{Note|You can change quiz availability and duration for different groups or users in the Group or User override sections in quiz administration.}}
:If you enable this option, then the order of answers within each question will be randomly shuffled each time a student attempts this quiz. Of course, this only applies to questions that have multiple answers displayed, such as Multiple Choice or Matching Questions. The intention is simply to make it a little harder for students to copy from each other. This option is not related to the use of Random Questions.
 
  
;Attempts allowed
+
===Examples of how timing is handled===
:Students may be allowed to have multiple attempts at a quiz. This can help make the process of taking the quiz more of an educational activity rather than simply an assessment. If the quiz is randomized then the student will get a new version for each attempt. This is useful for practice purposes.
 
  
;Each attempt builds on the last
+
#A student starts a quiz at noon. The quiz has a one-hour time-limit, and a 1 hour delay between attempts. The student gets distracted, and so actually does not submit (using the overdue handling) until 1:30pm. ''They are allowed to start their second attempt at 2. pm''
:If multiple attempts are allowed and this setting is set to Yes, then each new attempt contains the results of the previous attempt. This allows the student on the new attempt to concentrate on just those questions that were answered incorrectly on the previous attempt. If this option is chosen then each attempt by a particular student uses the same questions in the same order, independent of randomization settings. To show a fresh quiz on every attempt, select No for this setting.
+
#The quiz count-down timer submits a student's quiz attempt at the last second when time expires. Because the server is heavily loaded, it takes 30 seconds to process the student's attempt. ''The submission is accepted nonetheless.''
 +
#Same situation as above but with a 120 second delay: ''The submission is rejected.''
 +
#The delay is not because of server load but because the student found a way to cheat the timer. ''Moodle cannot know what causes a delay. The behaviour is controlled by the admin setting (quiz | graceperiodmin), 60 seconds by default.''
 +
#A student is a member of 3 groups, all of which have different override settings. Which limits will apply to this student? ''If there is any user-specific override, then that is used, and the group overrides for that setting are not used at all. Otherwise, if there are multiple group overrides, the most generous values are used (the earliest open date, the latest close date, the longest time limit, the most number of attempts, and the student can type any of the passwords).''
  
 +
==Grade==
 +
;Grade category
 +
If you have categories in your gradebook, select the one you wish the quiz to be in here.
 +
;Attempts allowed
 +
:Students may be allowed to have multiple attempts at a quiz. This can help make the process of taking the quiz more of an educational activity rather than simply an assessment. 
 +
{{Note|You can change the allowed number of attempts for different groups or users in the Group or User override sections of the Quiz Administration settings block.}}
 +
;Grade to pass
 +
Here you can set a passing grade for the quiz. This may be connected with [[Activity completion]] and [[Conditional activities]] such that a student will not be able to access a follow up activity until they have passed the quiz.
 
;Grading method
 
;Grading method
 
:When multiple attempts are allowed, there are different ways you can use the grades to calculate the student's final grade for the quiz.
 
:When multiple attempts are allowed, there are different ways you can use the grades to calculate the student's final grade for the quiz.
Line 52: Line 60:
 
* Last grade - the final grade is the grade earned on the most recent attempt only
 
* Last grade - the final grade is the grade earned on the most recent attempt only
  
;Adaptive mode
+
==Layout==
 +
;New page
 +
:For longer quizzes it makes sense to stretch the quiz over several pages by limiting the number of questions per page. When adding questions to the quiz, page breaks will automatically be inserted according to the setting you choose here. However, you will also be able to move page breaks around by hand later on the editing page.
 +
:'''''Note that changing this setting has no effect on questions you have already added to the quiz'''''. The setting will only apply to questions you add subsequently. To change the page breaks in an existing quiz, you need to go to the quiz editing screen, tick the 'Show page breaks' checkbox, then use the repaginate control.
  
:Adaptive questions allow students to have multiple attempts at the question before moving on to the next question. The adaptive question can adapt itself to the student's answer, for example by giving some hints before asking the student to try again. These kinds of questions are new to Moodle and will be described more on the page [[Adaptive questions]].
+
If you have many questions that use many high definition images and the server suffers performance issues, showing only one question per page is easier on the server that showing many (or all) questions in one page.
  
:If you choose Yes for this option then the student will be allowed multiple responses to a question even within the same attempt at the quiz. So for example if the student's response is marked as incorrect the student will be allowed to try again immediately. However, depending on the '''Apply penalties''' setting, a penalty will usually be subtracted from the students score for each wrong response.
+
;Navigation method (available by clicking ''Show More'')
  
:In adaptive mode an additional Submit button is shown for each question. If the student presses this button then the response to that particular question is submitted to be scored and the mark achieved is displayed to the student. If the question is an adaptive question then it is displayed in its new state that takes the student's answer into account and will in many cases ask the student for another input. In the simplest adaptive questions this new state may differ only in the feedback text and will prompt the student to try again; in a more sophisticated adaptive question also the question text and even the interaction elements can change.
+
Choose ''Sequential'' instead of ''Free'', if you want to force the student to progress through the questions in order and not go back to a previous question or skip to a later one.
  
;Apply penalties
+
==Question behaviour==
:If a quiz is run in adaptive mode then a student is allowed to try again after a wrong response. In this case you may want to impose a penalty for each wrong response to be subtracted from the final mark for the question. The amount of penalty is chosen individually for each question when setting up or editing the question.
+
;How questions behave
 
+
:See [[Question behaviours]].
:This setting has no effect unless the quiz is run in adaptive mode.
+
;Allow redo within an attempt (available by clicking "Show more")
 +
:If using Interactive or Immediate feedback mode, enabling this setting means students can try a question again even if they have used up their allowed attempts. This is helpful if they wish to learn from the feedback given at the end of their attempts. They will be given a different question from the one they were working on previously if there are other questions available. A student's grade for that question slot is based on the most recent question they have started.
 +
;Each attempt builds on the last (available by clicking "Show more")
 +
:If multiple attempts are allowed and this setting is set to Yes, then each new attempt contains the results of the previous attempt. This allows the student on the new attempt to concentrate on just those questions that were answered incorrectly on the previous attempt. If this option is chosen then each attempt by a particular student uses the same questions in the same order, independent of randomization settings. To show a fresh quiz on every attempt, select No for this setting.
  
;Decimal points
+
==Review options==
:This option determines how many digits will be shown after the decimal point when the grade is displayed. A setting of 0 for example means that the grades are displayed as integers. This setting is only used for the display of grades, not for the display or marking of answers.
+
(These settings are collapsed by default)
  
;Students may review
+
[[File:quizreview.png|thumb|600px|Review options expanded]]
:This option controls what information students will be shown when they review their past attempts at this quiz at various stages.
 
  
:Students may review (see) their own '''Responses''', the '''Scores''' for their responses, the '''Feedback''' from the teacher (if any) or the correct '''Answers'''. For each of these items you can choose whether the student should be able to see them immediately after the attempt, later but while the quiz is still open or after the quiz is closed.
 
  
:Currently, the "Answers" shown to students work differently depending on the question type in a particular quiz.  If the question type  used is 'matching' then students get to see which of their responses are in fact correct answersIf the question type used is 'short answer' then students see their responses plus all correct answers to all questions.
+
This section controls what information students will be shown when they review their past attempts at the quiz, and during the attempt in adaptive modeIt is a matrix with check boxes.
  
;Show quiz in a "secure" window
+
The various pieces of information that can be controlled are:
:The "secure" window tries to provide a little more security for quizzes (making copying and cheating more difficult) by restricting some of the things that students can do with their browsers.
+
; The attempt: Will show how the student responded to each question.
 +
; Whether correct: Displays whether the students response to each question is correct or incorrect.
 +
; Marks:  Reveals the marks awarded to the student and the grade for the quiz.
 +
; Specific feedback: Will show the feedback for the response to the answer as set when adding the question to the quiz. Each response to a question can have feedback for both correct and incorrect answers.
 +
; General feedback: Displays the general feedback for the whole question as set when adding the question to the quiz. You can use the general feedback to give students some background to what knowledge the question was testing.
 +
; Right answer:  Reveals the correct answer to each question, whether the student answered correctly or not (See note below).
 +
; Overall feedback: Displays feedback for the entire quiz as set in the quiz settings (See note below).
  
:What happens is that:  
+
For each of the above items, you can determine the timeframe when the students will see them:
 +
; During the attempt : is only available when ''‘How questions behave’'' has been set to ''‘Immediate feedback’'', ''‘Immediate feedback with CBM’'' and ''‘Interactive with multiple tries’''. If set to one of these options then a ''‘Check’'' button will appear below the answer and when clicked the student will submit that response and then receive immediate feedback.
 +
; Immediately after the attempt : means within 2 minutes of the student clicking "submit all and finish".
 +
; Later, while the quiz is still open : means after 2 minutes, but before the close date (if the quiz does not have a close date, this phase never ends).
 +
; After the quiz is closed : means what it says (you never get here for quizzes without a close date).
  
# Javascript is made a requirement.  
+
:''Tip:'' Checking any of the boxes in the timeframe row, will reveal the test to the student. For example, to allow students to see their quiz immediately after taking it but not later, make sure none of the boxes in "Later" or "After" rows are checked. The student will be able to see their grade but not get into the quiz.
# The quiz appears in a new fullscreen window.  
 
# Some mouse actions on the text are prevented.
 
# Some keyboard commands are prevented.  
 
  
:NOTE: This security is NOT watertight. Do NOT rely on these protections as your sole strategy. It is impossible to implement complete protection of quizzes in a web environment so please do not rely on this option if you are really worried about students cheating. Other strategies you can try are to create really large databases of questions from which you randomly choose questions, or even better, rethink your overall assessment to put more value on constructive forms of activity such as forum discussions, glossary building, wiki writing, workshops, assignments etc.
+
Note: Currently, the Answers display is a bit inconsistent between different question types. For example, the matching question type shows students which of their responses are correct, but does not tell them the right answer for the ones they got wrong. The short answer and multiple choices question types do tell the student what the correct answer is.
  
;Require password
+
Users with the capability 'View hidden grades' [[Capabilities/moodle/grade:viewhidden|moodle/grade:viewhidden]] (typically teachers and administrators) are not affected by these settings and will always by able to review all information about a student's attempt at any time.
  
:This field is optional.  
+
In your list of review options, you must have 'The attempt' (the first option in the lists) selected  before you can enable the options to show 'Whether correct', 'Specific feedback', 'General feedback', and 'Right answer'. If you choose not to let the students review the attempt, your only options are to display 'Marks' and 'Overall feedback'.
  
:If you specify a password in here then participants must enter the same password before they are allowed to make an attempt on the quiz. This is useful to give only a selected group of students access to the quiz.
+
==Appearance==
 +
;Show the user's picture
 +
:It is now possible, when displaying the user's profile picture for proctoring purposes, to choose whether a large image or thumbnail will be displayed.
 +
;Decimal places in grades
 +
:This option determines how many digits will be shown after the decimal separator (see  [[dev:Translation_langconfig|langconfig]] ) when the grade is displayed. A setting of 0 for example means that the grades are displayed as integers. This setting is only used for the display of grades, not for the display or marking of answers.
  
 +
==Extra restrictions on attempts==
 +
;Require password
 +
:If you specify a password in here then participants must enter the same password before they are allowed to make an attempt on the quiz. This is useful to give only a selected group of students access to the quiz. If you have many users taking one simultaneous quiz, it may help to assign a very long password to the quiz, so that the load on the server is spread over time (see  [https://moodle.org/mod/forum/discuss.php?d=316736#p1273704 this forum thread]).
 
;Require network address
 
;Require network address
:This field is optional.
+
:You can restrict access for a quiz to particular subnets on the LAN or Internet by specifying a comma-separated list of partial or full IP address numbers. This is especially useful for a proctored (invigilated) quiz, where you want to be sure that only people in a certain room are able to access the quiz. For example: 192.168. , 231.54.211.0/20, 231.3.56.211
 
 
:You can restrict access for a quiz to particular subnets on the LAN or Internet by specifying a comma-separated list of partial or full IP address numbers. This is especially useful for a proctored quiz, where you want to be sure that only people in a certain room are able to access the quiz. For example: 192.168. , 231.54.211.0/20, 231.3.56.211
 
  
 
:There are three types of numbers you can use (you can not use text based domain names like example.com):  
 
:There are three types of numbers you can use (you can not use text based domain names like example.com):  
Line 106: Line 130:
 
:Spaces are ignored.
 
:Spaces are ignored.
  
;Group mode
+
;Enforced delay between attempts
:Here you can choose whether the quiz should be organized by group. This only has an effect on the review screens of the teachers where it determines which groups of students they see.
+
:You can set a time (from seconds to weeks) between the first and second attempt of a quiz. You can also (or alternatively) set a time from seconds to weeks for subsequent attempts after the second attempt. Thus, you might allow a student to take the quiz twice immediately with no delay, but if they want to improve their score with a third attempt, they are forced to wait a week and use the time for extra revision.
 +
 
 +
;Browser security
 +
:This is by default an advanced field, visible by clicking "Show advanced".
 +
:The options in this section offer various ways to try to restrict how students may try to 'cheat' while attempting a quiz. However, this is not a simple issue, and what in one situation is considered 'cheating' may, in another situation, just be effective use of information technology. (For example, the ability to quickly find answers using a search engine.)
 +
 
 +
::Note also that this is not just at problem of technology with a technical solution. Cheating has been going on since long before computers, and while computers make certain actions, like copy and paste, easier, they also make it easier for teachers to detect cheating - for example using the quiz reports. The options provided here are not fool-proof, and while they do make some forms of cheating harder for students, they also make it more inconvenient for students to attempt the quizzes, and they are not fool-proof.
 +
 
 +
:'''Full screen pop-up with some JavaScript security'''
 +
 
 +
:There is a limit to what the quiz, which runs on a web server, can do to restrict what the student sitting at their computer can do while attempting the quiz. However, this option does what is possible:
 +
[[File:seb24.png|thumb|Student view of quiz question with full screen popup.]]
 +
:* The quiz will only start if the student has a JavaScript-enabled web-browser.
 +
:* The quiz appears in a fullscreen popup window that covers all the other windows and has no course navigation controls. (However, it is impossible for a web site to create a browser window that cannot be minimised or moved aside.)
 +
:* The students are prevented, as far as is possible, from using facilities like copy and paste.
 +
 
 +
:'''Require the use of Safe Exam Browser'''
 +
 
 +
:This option will only appear if your administrator has enabled it in ''Site administration > Development > Experimental > Experimental settings''.
 +
 
 +
:[[Safe exam browser|Safe Exam Browser]] is a customised web browser that must be downloaded and installed on the computer that the student uses to attempt the quiz. It restricts student use more effectively than a pop up window option.  Features include full screen, without web navigation options, shortcut keys including copy and paste are disabled and of course surfing the web during an exam.
 +
 
 +
==Overall feedback==
 +
Overall feedback is shown to a student after they have completed an attempt at the quiz. The text that is shown can depend on the grade the student got. Click "Show editing tools" to display the rich text editor, and drag the bottom right of the text box out to expand it.
 +
 
 +
For example, if you entered:
 +
 
 +
:Grade boundary: 100%
 +
:Feedback: "Well done"
 +
:Grade boundary: 40%
 +
:Feedback: "Please study this week's work again"
 +
:Grade boundary: 0%
 +
 
 +
Then students who score between 100% and 40% will see the "Well done" message, and those who score between 39.99% and 0% will see "Please study this week's work again". That is, the grade boundaries define ranges of grades, and each feedback string is displayed to scores within the appropriate range.
 +
 
 +
Grade boundaries can be specified either as a percentage, for example "31.41%", or as a number, for example "7". If your quiz is out of 10 marks, a grade boundary of 7 means 7/10 or better.
 +
 
 +
Note that the maximum and minimum grade boundaries (100% and 0%) are set automatically.
 +
 
 +
You can set as many or as few grade boundaries as you wish. The form allows you up to 5 ranges at first, but you can add more by clicking the "Add 3 fields to form" button underneath.
 +
 
 +
If you're getting confusing error messages about a boundary being out of sequence (when it's obviously *in* sequence), or "boundaries must be between 0% and 100%" (and they are) -- check that the Maximum Grade for this quiz is set to something greater than zero.
 +
 
 +
==Outcomes==
 +
This setting will only appear if [[Outcomes]] have been enabled by the administrator and are used in the course. See [[Outcomes]] for how to remove an outcome once it has been added to a quiz.
 +
 
 +
==Common module settings==
 +
(These settings are collapsed by default)
 +
See [[Common module settings]]
 +
 
 +
==Restrict access/Activity completion==
 +
(These settings are collapsed by default)
 +
 
 +
The Restrict access and Activity completion settings are visible if [[Conditional activities]] and [[Activity completion]] have been enabled in the site and the course.
 +
===Quiz completion===
 +
 
 +
The following automatic activity completion conditions apply to the quiz:
 +
 
 +
:''Require view'' - the student clicks on the quiz to view it
 +
:''Require grade'' - the student obtains a grade
 +
:''Require a passing grade'' - a 'Grade to pass' is specified for the quiz in the gradebook.
 +
:''All available attempts completed'' - a certain number of attempts were allowed on the quiz and the student has completed them all.
 +
 
 +
==Group and User overrides==
 +
Dates, timing and number of allowed attempts may be changed for individual users or groups by following the links ''Group Overrides'' or ''User Overrides'' in Quiz administration. In situations where two group overrides may apply to a single user, the most lenient date is used. For "Open the quiz" dates, this means the earliest possible date is used, for "Close the quiz" dates, this means that the latest possible date is used Note also that if there exists a user override for a student, it will always take precedence over any group overrides.
 +
 
 +
===Group overrides===
 +
To change a quiz setting for a particular group, click the "add group override" button in ''Quiz Administration>Group overrides'', make the changes you wish and save or enter another override.
 +
 
 +
===User overrides===
 +
To change a quiz setting for a particular user or users, click the "add user override"button in ''Quiz Administration>User overrides'', make the changes you wish and save or enter another override.
 +
 
 +
==Site administration settings==
 +
 
 +
The quiz module has additional settings which may be changed by an administrator in ''Site administration > Plugins > Activity modules > Quiz''.
 +
 
 +
The time period settings for a quiz (such as time limit, submission grace period, autosave period and so on)  can be set here with a duration of seconds, minutes, hours, days or weeks. These defaults will then be used when new quizzes are created.
 +
 
 +
;Autosave period
 +
:If enabled, student responses will be saved at regular period according to the selection here. the default is one minute. This is useful so that students don't lose work but does increase the load on the server.
 +
 
 +
How questions behave can be configured in ''Site administration > Plugins > Question behaviours > Manage question behaviours''.
  
;Visible to students
+
==See also==
:Determines whether the quiz will be visible to students. If you are still in the process of setting up the quiz then it is highly advisable to leave this set to 'Hide'. Otherwise students might view or even attempt the quiz before it is tested and ready. This setting is common to all activities and can also be toggled by clicking on the eye icon behind the activity's name on the course page.
 
  
[[Category:Teacher|Course/mod/quiz]]
+
[[fr:Ajouter/modifier un test]]
[[Category:Quiz|Course/mod/quiz]]
+
[[de:Test konfigurieren]]
 +
[[es:Configuraciones del examen]]

Latest revision as of 02:13, 14 May 2019

Creating a new quiz is a two-step process. In the first step, you create the quiz activity and set its options which specify the rules for interacting with the quiz. In the second step you add questions to the quiz. This page describes the options you can set for the quiz activity. The page Building Quiz describes how to set up the questions for the quiz.

Quiz administration

When you first set up your quiz from Add an activity or resource > Quiz, (or, if you don't have this link, the dropdown Add an activity>Quiz) you will get the following settings, (which can also be changed later in the Edit Settings link of the Quiz administration settings block) All settings may expanded by clicking the "Expand all" link top right.

General

Add a name here (which students will click on to access the quiz) and, if desired, a description of what they must do.

Timing

Note: The user's time-zone - as set in the user profile - only affects how a particular time is displayed to that user. The actual timing for the quiz is not changed by that.


Open the quiz
You can specify times when the quiz is accessible for people to make attempts. Before the opening time the quiz will be unavailable to students. They will be able to view the quiz introduction but will not be able to view the questions. Quizzes with start times in the future display both the open and close date for students.
Close the quiz
After the closing time, the students will not be able to start new attempts. Answers that the student submits after the quiz closing date will be saved but they will not be marked.
Even after the quiz has closed students will still be able to see the quiz description and review their attempts. What exactly they will see depends on the settings you choose for review options (see below).
Time limit
By default, quizzes do not have a time limit, which allows students as much time as they need to complete the quiz. If you do specify a time limit, several things are done to try and ensure that quizzes are completed within that time:
Navigation block showing quiz timer
  1. A countdown timer is shown in the quiz navigation block
  2. When the timer has run out, the quiz is submitted automatically with whatever answers have been filled in so far
  3. If a student manages to cheat and goes over the allotted time, no marks are awarded for any answers entered after the time ran out
When time expires..

There are three options as to what will happen when the time limit is up. Choose the one you need from the dropdown menu:

  1. Open attempts are submitted automatically (This is the default)
  2. There is a grace period when open attempts can be submitted, but no more questions answered
  3. Attempts must be submitted before time expires, or they are not counted

If you select "There is a grace period..." then you can check the box to enable the "Submission grace period" and specify a period of time during which learners may still submit the quiz after the time is up.

The option "Attempts must be submitted before time expires, or they are not counted" only applies when students have started an attempt, but are not actively editing an attempt when the time limit is reached. In such a case, the attempt will not be counted. Any attempt which is open when the time limit is reached will be automatically submitted.

Note: You can change quiz availability and duration for different groups or users in the Group or User override sections in quiz administration.


Examples of how timing is handled

  1. A student starts a quiz at noon. The quiz has a one-hour time-limit, and a 1 hour delay between attempts. The student gets distracted, and so actually does not submit (using the overdue handling) until 1:30pm. They are allowed to start their second attempt at 2. pm
  2. The quiz count-down timer submits a student's quiz attempt at the last second when time expires. Because the server is heavily loaded, it takes 30 seconds to process the student's attempt. The submission is accepted nonetheless.
  3. Same situation as above but with a 120 second delay: The submission is rejected.
  4. The delay is not because of server load but because the student found a way to cheat the timer. Moodle cannot know what causes a delay. The behaviour is controlled by the admin setting (quiz | graceperiodmin), 60 seconds by default.
  5. A student is a member of 3 groups, all of which have different override settings. Which limits will apply to this student? If there is any user-specific override, then that is used, and the group overrides for that setting are not used at all. Otherwise, if there are multiple group overrides, the most generous values are used (the earliest open date, the latest close date, the longest time limit, the most number of attempts, and the student can type any of the passwords).

Grade

Grade category

If you have categories in your gradebook, select the one you wish the quiz to be in here.

Attempts allowed
Students may be allowed to have multiple attempts at a quiz. This can help make the process of taking the quiz more of an educational activity rather than simply an assessment.
Note: You can change the allowed number of attempts for different groups or users in the Group or User override sections of the Quiz Administration settings block.


Grade to pass

Here you can set a passing grade for the quiz. This may be connected with Activity completion and Conditional activities such that a student will not be able to access a follow up activity until they have passed the quiz.

Grading method
When multiple attempts are allowed, there are different ways you can use the grades to calculate the student's final grade for the quiz.
  • Highest grade - the final grade is the highest (best) grade in any attempt
  • Average grade - the final grade is the average (simple mean) grade of all attempts
  • First grade - the final grade is the grade earned on the first attempt (other attempts are ignored)
  • Last grade - the final grade is the grade earned on the most recent attempt only

Layout

New page
For longer quizzes it makes sense to stretch the quiz over several pages by limiting the number of questions per page. When adding questions to the quiz, page breaks will automatically be inserted according to the setting you choose here. However, you will also be able to move page breaks around by hand later on the editing page.
Note that changing this setting has no effect on questions you have already added to the quiz. The setting will only apply to questions you add subsequently. To change the page breaks in an existing quiz, you need to go to the quiz editing screen, tick the 'Show page breaks' checkbox, then use the repaginate control.

If you have many questions that use many high definition images and the server suffers performance issues, showing only one question per page is easier on the server that showing many (or all) questions in one page.

Navigation method (available by clicking Show More)

Choose Sequential instead of Free, if you want to force the student to progress through the questions in order and not go back to a previous question or skip to a later one.

Question behaviour

How questions behave
See Question behaviours.
Allow redo within an attempt (available by clicking "Show more")
If using Interactive or Immediate feedback mode, enabling this setting means students can try a question again even if they have used up their allowed attempts. This is helpful if they wish to learn from the feedback given at the end of their attempts. They will be given a different question from the one they were working on previously if there are other questions available. A student's grade for that question slot is based on the most recent question they have started.
Each attempt builds on the last (available by clicking "Show more")
If multiple attempts are allowed and this setting is set to Yes, then each new attempt contains the results of the previous attempt. This allows the student on the new attempt to concentrate on just those questions that were answered incorrectly on the previous attempt. If this option is chosen then each attempt by a particular student uses the same questions in the same order, independent of randomization settings. To show a fresh quiz on every attempt, select No for this setting.

Review options

(These settings are collapsed by default)

Review options expanded


This section controls what information students will be shown when they review their past attempts at the quiz, and during the attempt in adaptive mode. It is a matrix with check boxes.

The various pieces of information that can be controlled are:

The attempt
Will show how the student responded to each question.
Whether correct
Displays whether the students response to each question is correct or incorrect.
Marks
Reveals the marks awarded to the student and the grade for the quiz.
Specific feedback
Will show the feedback for the response to the answer as set when adding the question to the quiz. Each response to a question can have feedback for both correct and incorrect answers.
General feedback
Displays the general feedback for the whole question as set when adding the question to the quiz. You can use the general feedback to give students some background to what knowledge the question was testing.
Right answer
Reveals the correct answer to each question, whether the student answered correctly or not (See note below).
Overall feedback
Displays feedback for the entire quiz as set in the quiz settings (See note below).

For each of the above items, you can determine the timeframe when the students will see them:

During the attempt 
is only available when ‘How questions behave’ has been set to ‘Immediate feedback’, ‘Immediate feedback with CBM’ and ‘Interactive with multiple tries’. If set to one of these options then a ‘Check’ button will appear below the answer and when clicked the student will submit that response and then receive immediate feedback.
Immediately after the attempt 
means within 2 minutes of the student clicking "submit all and finish".
Later, while the quiz is still open 
means after 2 minutes, but before the close date (if the quiz does not have a close date, this phase never ends).
After the quiz is closed 
means what it says (you never get here for quizzes without a close date).
Tip: Checking any of the boxes in the timeframe row, will reveal the test to the student. For example, to allow students to see their quiz immediately after taking it but not later, make sure none of the boxes in "Later" or "After" rows are checked. The student will be able to see their grade but not get into the quiz.

Note: Currently, the Answers display is a bit inconsistent between different question types. For example, the matching question type shows students which of their responses are correct, but does not tell them the right answer for the ones they got wrong. The short answer and multiple choices question types do tell the student what the correct answer is.

Users with the capability 'View hidden grades' moodle/grade:viewhidden (typically teachers and administrators) are not affected by these settings and will always by able to review all information about a student's attempt at any time.

In your list of review options, you must have 'The attempt' (the first option in the lists) selected before you can enable the options to show 'Whether correct', 'Specific feedback', 'General feedback', and 'Right answer'. If you choose not to let the students review the attempt, your only options are to display 'Marks' and 'Overall feedback'.

Appearance

Show the user's picture
It is now possible, when displaying the user's profile picture for proctoring purposes, to choose whether a large image or thumbnail will be displayed.
Decimal places in grades
This option determines how many digits will be shown after the decimal separator (see langconfig ) when the grade is displayed. A setting of 0 for example means that the grades are displayed as integers. This setting is only used for the display of grades, not for the display or marking of answers.

Extra restrictions on attempts

Require password
If you specify a password in here then participants must enter the same password before they are allowed to make an attempt on the quiz. This is useful to give only a selected group of students access to the quiz. If you have many users taking one simultaneous quiz, it may help to assign a very long password to the quiz, so that the load on the server is spread over time (see this forum thread).
Require network address
You can restrict access for a quiz to particular subnets on the LAN or Internet by specifying a comma-separated list of partial or full IP address numbers. This is especially useful for a proctored (invigilated) quiz, where you want to be sure that only people in a certain room are able to access the quiz. For example: 192.168. , 231.54.211.0/20, 231.3.56.211
There are three types of numbers you can use (you can not use text based domain names like example.com):
  1. Full IP addresses, such as 192.168.10.1 which will match a single computer (or proxy).
  2. Partial addresses, such as 192.168 which will match anything starting with those numbers.
  3. CIDR notation, such as 231.54.211.0/20 which allows you to specify more detailed subnets.
Spaces are ignored.
Enforced delay between attempts
You can set a time (from seconds to weeks) between the first and second attempt of a quiz. You can also (or alternatively) set a time from seconds to weeks for subsequent attempts after the second attempt. Thus, you might allow a student to take the quiz twice immediately with no delay, but if they want to improve their score with a third attempt, they are forced to wait a week and use the time for extra revision.
Browser security
This is by default an advanced field, visible by clicking "Show advanced".
The options in this section offer various ways to try to restrict how students may try to 'cheat' while attempting a quiz. However, this is not a simple issue, and what in one situation is considered 'cheating' may, in another situation, just be effective use of information technology. (For example, the ability to quickly find answers using a search engine.)
Note also that this is not just at problem of technology with a technical solution. Cheating has been going on since long before computers, and while computers make certain actions, like copy and paste, easier, they also make it easier for teachers to detect cheating - for example using the quiz reports. The options provided here are not fool-proof, and while they do make some forms of cheating harder for students, they also make it more inconvenient for students to attempt the quizzes, and they are not fool-proof.
Full screen pop-up with some JavaScript security
There is a limit to what the quiz, which runs on a web server, can do to restrict what the student sitting at their computer can do while attempting the quiz. However, this option does what is possible:
Student view of quiz question with full screen popup.
  • The quiz will only start if the student has a JavaScript-enabled web-browser.
  • The quiz appears in a fullscreen popup window that covers all the other windows and has no course navigation controls. (However, it is impossible for a web site to create a browser window that cannot be minimised or moved aside.)
  • The students are prevented, as far as is possible, from using facilities like copy and paste.
Require the use of Safe Exam Browser
This option will only appear if your administrator has enabled it in Site administration > Development > Experimental > Experimental settings.
Safe Exam Browser is a customised web browser that must be downloaded and installed on the computer that the student uses to attempt the quiz. It restricts student use more effectively than a pop up window option. Features include full screen, without web navigation options, shortcut keys including copy and paste are disabled and of course surfing the web during an exam.

Overall feedback

Overall feedback is shown to a student after they have completed an attempt at the quiz. The text that is shown can depend on the grade the student got. Click "Show editing tools" to display the rich text editor, and drag the bottom right of the text box out to expand it.

For example, if you entered:

Grade boundary: 100%
Feedback: "Well done"
Grade boundary: 40%
Feedback: "Please study this week's work again"
Grade boundary: 0%

Then students who score between 100% and 40% will see the "Well done" message, and those who score between 39.99% and 0% will see "Please study this week's work again". That is, the grade boundaries define ranges of grades, and each feedback string is displayed to scores within the appropriate range.

Grade boundaries can be specified either as a percentage, for example "31.41%", or as a number, for example "7". If your quiz is out of 10 marks, a grade boundary of 7 means 7/10 or better.

Note that the maximum and minimum grade boundaries (100% and 0%) are set automatically.

You can set as many or as few grade boundaries as you wish. The form allows you up to 5 ranges at first, but you can add more by clicking the "Add 3 fields to form" button underneath.

If you're getting confusing error messages about a boundary being out of sequence (when it's obviously *in* sequence), or "boundaries must be between 0% and 100%" (and they are) -- check that the Maximum Grade for this quiz is set to something greater than zero.

Outcomes

This setting will only appear if Outcomes have been enabled by the administrator and are used in the course. See Outcomes for how to remove an outcome once it has been added to a quiz.

Common module settings

(These settings are collapsed by default) See Common module settings

Restrict access/Activity completion

(These settings are collapsed by default)

The Restrict access and Activity completion settings are visible if Conditional activities and Activity completion have been enabled in the site and the course.

Quiz completion

The following automatic activity completion conditions apply to the quiz:

Require view - the student clicks on the quiz to view it
Require grade - the student obtains a grade
Require a passing grade - a 'Grade to pass' is specified for the quiz in the gradebook.
All available attempts completed - a certain number of attempts were allowed on the quiz and the student has completed them all.

Group and User overrides

Dates, timing and number of allowed attempts may be changed for individual users or groups by following the links Group Overrides or User Overrides in Quiz administration. In situations where two group overrides may apply to a single user, the most lenient date is used. For "Open the quiz" dates, this means the earliest possible date is used, for "Close the quiz" dates, this means that the latest possible date is used Note also that if there exists a user override for a student, it will always take precedence over any group overrides.

Group overrides

To change a quiz setting for a particular group, click the "add group override" button in Quiz Administration>Group overrides, make the changes you wish and save or enter another override.

User overrides

To change a quiz setting for a particular user or users, click the "add user override"button in Quiz Administration>User overrides, make the changes you wish and save or enter another override.

Site administration settings

The quiz module has additional settings which may be changed by an administrator in Site administration > Plugins > Activity modules > Quiz.

The time period settings for a quiz (such as time limit, submission grace period, autosave period and so on) can be set here with a duration of seconds, minutes, hours, days or weeks. These defaults will then be used when new quizzes are created.

Autosave period
If enabled, student responses will be saved at regular period according to the selection here. the default is one minute. This is useful so that students don't lose work but does increase the load on the server.

How questions behave can be configured in Site administration > Plugins > Question behaviours > Manage question behaviours.

See also