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Template:Moodle 1.9In Moodle 1.9 onwards, groups may be organised into groupings. In a nutshell, groupings are clusters of groups.

Enabling the use of groupings

To use groupings, the feature must be enabled on the site by checking the enablegroupings box in Administration > Miscellaneous > Experimental. A groupings tab will appear on the Groups page.

Adding groups to a grouping


To add groups to a grouping:

  1. Follow the groups icon Group.gif in the course administration block.
  2. Click the groupings tab on the groups page.
  3. If necessary, create a new grouping by clicking the "Create grouping" button on the groupings page.
  4. Click the "Show groups in grouping" people icon in the edit column opposite the grouping which groups are to be added to.
  5. On the add/remove groups page, select the group(s) you want to add to the grouping from the "Potential members" list.
  6. Click the arrow button that points towards the "Existing members" list.
  7. Click the "Back to groupings" button. The group(s) you added to the grouping will now be listed in the table on the groupings page.

Existing groupings can be edited and/or deleted using the appropriate icons in the edit column of the table on the groupings page.

Setting the default grouping

Once some groupings have been created, a default grouping for course activities and resources may be set.

  1. Follow the settings link in the course administration block.
  2. In the groups section in the course settings, select the default grouping.

Assigning an activity to a grouping

Assigning an activity to a particular grouping only

To assign an activity to a particular grouping:

  1. On the edit activity page, click the "Show advanced" button in the common module settings section.
  2. Ensure that the group mode is set to separate or visible groups.
  3. Select the grouping from the grouping dropdown menu.
  4. Click the "Save changes" button at the bottom of the page.

The name of the grouping will then appear in brackets after the activity name on the course page.

A count of activities assigned to each grouping is kept on the groupings page.

To assign an activity to a particular grouping ONLY, in addition to the above, before clicking the the "Save changes" button, check the "Available for group members only" checkbox. This will result in only users assigned to the groups within the grouping being able to see the activity (or resource) on the course page.

Note: If a graded activity is assigned to a particular grouping only, it will still appear in the gradebook for all users. (See MDL-13868 for further details.)
Note: You cannot make an activity visible to only one group of students without first placing them into a Grouping. (See What is the difference between groups and groupings? for further details.)

Examples of groupings

  1. One metaphor that has worked well in training is this: At the Olympics, there are many sports—gymnastics, swimming, track—and many countries. In this way, there are two levels of being categorized as an Olympian: by your sport, and by your nationality. To be on the United States Olympic Team, you must first be a swimmer, a gymnast, a runner, etc.; you cannot be on the US Team without first being an athlete in a certain sport. Your sport is your group. Your country is your grouping. You must belong to a group before joining a grouping. Does this make sense?
  2. An educational example would be that perhaps in a class, you've divided your students into 4 groups, each with their own author to research. Groups A and B, while they have different authors, are both assigned to write in a forum; groups C and D, though writing on different authors, are supposed to make a wiki. You might create a Forum Grouping, containing groups A and B, and a Wiki Grouping, containing groups C and D. Then, you can make the Wiki activity available to only the Wiki grouping, but you still have your two Wiki sub-groups, as well - C and D - for an added layer of distinction between the work going on about two different authors.
  3. Teachers in different departments might tell some students to enroll in a refresher math course. These student might be assigned to a group associated with their primary teacher. However, each department has a math tutor. The groups that came from a department could be placed in groupings.

See also