On the quiz editing screen you’ll create and categorize your quiz questions and then add them to the quiz. What you will see on this screen depends on whether students have already started attempts at the quiz.
Before quiz has been attempted
On the left side of the screen, as shown in Figure 5-3, you’ll see a block where the questions you’ve added to the current quiz are displayed. If this is a new quiz you will not have any questions there and Moodle tells you this.
On the right side of the screen, you’ll see a category selection menu labeled “Category” and a button labeled “Edit Categories”. Categories are used to organize your quiz questions for your course, and they can be a container for sharing questions between courses. By default, there is one category, called “Default”.
You may want to start out by making a new category to hold your questions for the quiz. For this purpose you click on the 'Edit Categories' button. This will bring you to a new page described on mod/quiz/category.
It’s good practice to create categories to organize your questions. The level of detail in the categories is up to you, but I tend to lean towards more detailed categories I can combine into larger groups later if I want to. For example, I’ll break down questions related to a reading into a couple of concepts. It’s easier to clump questions together later than it is to pull them apart.
Once you’ve created your categories, it’s time to add some questions.
- From the Category: drop-down menu, select a category you want to add a question to.
- The area below the category will then display the question creation block.
- Select the question type you want to create from the Create new question drop-down menu.
- Fill in the form for the question type you are creating.
- Click Save Changes at the bottom of the form
Each question type has it’s own form and has it’s own options.
If you have questions from a textbook question bank, or if you don’t want to use the web interface to create your questions, you can import them from a text file. Moodle supports eight formats natively, and provides an easy way of creating new importers if you know a little PHP.
Once you get to know a format, it may be easier to simply type them into a text file than to use the web interface. You can just keep typing instead of waiting for new web pages to load for each question.
The formats available by default include:
- With GIFT format you can write multiple-choice, true-false, short answer, matching and numerical questions.
- Aiken format is an easy way of writing multiple-choice questions for import. It’s a very easy, readable format.
- Missing Word
- If you’re going to write a lot of missing word multiple choice questions, the missing word format is an easy way to create them.
- The same as the missing word format, except it creates matching questions from the multiple choice questions
- If you’re converting from Blackboard to Moodle, you can export your course and then import the question pools into Moodle using the Blackboard format
- Currently, the WebCT format only supports importing multiple-choice and short answers questions
- Course Test Manager
- This will enable you to import questions from the Course Test Manager from Course Technology
- Embedded Answers (Cloze)
- The Cloze format is a multiple question, multiple answer question with embedded answers. They can be a bit tricky to develop, but they are a unique way of asking questions
The help file available from the help button next to the import file button gives a lot of detail about each format.
Adding questions to a quiz
Once you’ve created your questions, you’ll need to add them to the quiz. The quiz editing page will now look something like that displayed in Figure 5-12.
The << icons to the left of the questions are used to add individual questions to the quiz. You can also select several questions using the checkboxes on the left of the question list and then click the “Add to quiz” button at the bottom of the list to add then all at once. If you want to add all the displayed questions then use the 'Select all' link.
Figure 5-12. Quiz Editing Screen
Once you’ve added a question to the quiz, it appears on the left side of the screen in the quiz question list. The question is still selectable on the right, but you can only add it to the quiz once. If you select the question in the category list again and add it to the quiz, nothing will happen.
Once you’ve added the questions to the quiz, you can change the order of the questions by clicking the arrow buttons on the left side of the list of quiz questions (see Figure 5-13).
Figure 5-13. Editing Quiz with Questions
You will also need to set the grade for each question. You can set the number of points for each question in the Grade column. This allows you to set the relative weight of each question in the quiz. You may want to make certain questions or question types worth more than others. You should also set the 'Maximum grade' for the whole quiz. This does not have to be equal to the sum of the grades for the individual questions. The grades achieved by the students will be rescaled to be out of this maximum grade. After adjusting the grades for the individual questions you should click on the 'Save grades' button.
Adding random questions
When you add a random question to a quiz, then it will be replaced with a randomly-chosen question from the currently selected category - for each attempt.
This means that different students are likely to get a different selection of questions when they attempt this quiz. When a quiz allows multiple attempts for each student then each attempt will also contain a new selection of questions.
The same question will never appear twice in a quiz. If you include several random questions then different questions will always be chosen for each of them. If you mix random questions with non-random questions then the random questions will be chosen so that they do not duplicate one of the non-random questions.
The grade for the randomly chosen question will be rescaled so that the maximum grade is what you have chosen as the grade for the random question.
Clicking on the magnifying glass next to a question will open a preview window in which you can test the question. ....
When you’re done, you will probably also want to preview your entire quiz by clicking on the 'Preview' tab. This will bring you to the Quiz attempt page but in teacher preview mode.
After quiz has been attempted
If the quiz has already been attempted you will see a notice saying that you cannot add or remove questions. In case the changes to your quiz are obligatory, you can, however, remove the quiz attempts (you access them clicking View x quiz attempts (y Students), where 'x' stands for the number of attempts by 'y' students).
If you do not want to remove the quiz attempts, you can still perform some cosmetic changes such as displaying questions from sub-categories or old questions (to do any of the two activities just check the appropriate box).