Automatische Aktualisierungen: Unterschied zwischen den Versionen

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==Enabling updates deployment==
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==Automatische Aktualisierungen aktivieren==
  
[[File:plugins overview.png|thumb|left|Plugins overview highlighting available update with install button]]In Moodle 2.4 onwards, an administrator can enable updates deployment in  ''Settings > Site Administration > Server > Update notifications''. Then when updates are available, 'Install this update' buttons are shown on Plugins overview and Plugins check pages.
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Ab Moodle 2.4 können Administrator/innen auf der Seite ''[[Einstellungen-Block|Einstellungen]] > Website-Administration > Server'' automatische Aktualisierungen aktivieren, indem sie die entsprechende Checkbox markieren. Wenn Aktualisierungen verfügbar sind, werden auf den Seiten ''[[Einstellungen-Block|Einstellungen]] > Website-Administration > Plugins > Übersicht'' bzw. ''[[Einstellungen-Block|Einstellungen]] > Website-Administration > Mitteilungen'' Buttons angezeigt, um das jeweilige Plugin in der aktuelleren Version zu installieren.
  
This functionality requires that [[Available update notifications]] are enabled at the site.
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Damit diese Funktionalität der automatischen Aktualiserung genutzt werden kann, muss die [[Aktualisierungsmitteilung]] aktiviert sein.
  
 
== How it works ==
 
== How it works ==

Version vom 5. Dezember 2012, 10:08 Uhr

Neue Funktionalität
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Automatische Aktualisierungen aktivieren

Ab Moodle 2.4 können Administrator/innen auf der Seite Einstellungen > Website-Administration > Server automatische Aktualisierungen aktivieren, indem sie die entsprechende Checkbox markieren. Wenn Aktualisierungen verfügbar sind, werden auf den Seiten Einstellungen > Website-Administration > Plugins > Übersicht bzw. Einstellungen > Website-Administration > Mitteilungen Buttons angezeigt, um das jeweilige Plugin in der aktuelleren Version zu installieren.

Damit diese Funktionalität der automatischen Aktualiserung genutzt werden kann, muss die Aktualisierungsmitteilung aktiviert sein.

How it works

As a part of the information about available updates for the site, URL of the ZIP package with the new version of an installed plugin is returned. When Install this update button is pressed and the the deployment is confirmed at the next page, a standalone utility called mdeploy.php is executed.

  1. The mdeploy utility authorizes the request to make sure you are coming exactly from the confirmation page displayed in the previous step.
  2. The ZIP package with the new version is fetched from the Moodle plugins directory.
  3. A simple integrity check is performed to make sure the ZIP was downloaded correctly.
  4. The current version of the plugin code is archived into a directory at moodledata/mdeploy/archive/ so you have a backup (just in case you had some local tweaks in the code, for example).
  5. The current directory with the plugin is removed and replaced with the content of the downloaded ZIP.
  6. Your browser is redirected to the page where the normal upgrade procedure happens.

At this moment, you can deploy another available update (if there is such) or perform the upgrade procedure as if you uploaded the ZIP contents to your site manually.

Disabling updates deployment

In a few circumstances (such as completely managed servers, which may have a lot of local modifications, or sites that have their own solution for updates deployment - for example via Git checkouts) it is desirable to not to allow automatic updates deployment. The feature may be disabled completely by adding the following code to the config.php file:

$CFG->disableupdateautodeploy = true;

Missing install button

If the updates deployment feature is not enabled (or if it was disabled at the config.php file), no button to install the update is displayed. If the feature is enabled, the page displaying the list of available updates performs some pre-checks to make sure the deployment will work. If a pre-check fails, a short information with a help pop-up is displayed.

Plugin files not writable

During the deployment, Moodle will replace the whole folder with the plugin code with a new version. The web server process has to have write access to the folder and all its contents. There are several ways how to achieve this, depending on your web server setup and personal preferences. The exact location of the plugin folder depends on the type of the plugin. For a full list of locations see the Moodle path on https://docs.moodle.org/dev/Plugins

Example: Let us assume your web server is an Apache running at a Linux server as the user www-data. Your Moodle is installed at /var/www/vhosts/moodle/htdocs. You want to give it write access to the folder with your Stamp collection activity module:

   # cd /var/www/vhosts/moodle/htdocs
   # cd mod
   # chown -R www-data stampcoll
   # chmod -R u+w stampcoll

See also more about Installing plugins.

Can not download the package

Make sure that the site http://moodle.org/plugins is up and running at the moment. If it is down, your site can't fetch the ZIP packages from it. Wait for the moodle.org site is up again and try to repeat the deployment procedure.

There can also be a problem with the validation of the SSL certificate of the moodle.org site. See SSL certificate for moodle.org for more info.

Errors and exceptions

Datei:mdeploy-exception.png
Error screen during the plugin deployment

If anything goes wrong during the deployment, please read the error page carefully and copy the error message together with the debugging information for later reference. Also, check the mdeploy.log file. The mdeploy utility logs all the steps into this file located at moodledata/mdeploy/mdeploy.log. The log file usually contains additional details and debugging information describing the reason of the failure.

When you navigate back from the error screen, always remember to go back up to the screen with the list of available plugins (where you clicked the Install this update button originally). Just going back to the previous confirmation screen or even reloading the current page will not work as the request would not be authorized any more. Doing so leads to the unauthorized_access_exception with the message Unable to read the passphrase file.

The following section describes some errors that may raise and how to deal with them.

Unable to download the package (download_file_exception)

Check the bottom of the mdeploy.log file. It will probably contain a line starting with "cURL error" followed by the error number and the cURL error description.

cURL error 7 couldn't connect to host

Make sure that the site http://moodle.org/plugins is up and running at the moment. If it is down, your site can't fetch the ZIP packages from it. Wait for the moodle.org site is up again and try to repeat the deployment procedure.

cURL error 60 SSL certificate problem

This suggests problems with the validation of the SSL certificate of the remote (moodle.org) site when fetching the ZIP package. See SSL certificate for moodle.org for more info.