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In den Aktivitäten Test und Lektion kann eine Vielzahl von verschiedenen Fragetypen hinzugefügt werden. Auf dieser Seite geht es um die Fragetypen der Test-Aktivität; einige werden den Fragetypen der Lektion ähnlich sein, von denen es weniger gibt und die unterschiedlich funktionieren. Die Standardfragentypen der Aktivität Test werden im Folgenden mit Kurzbeschreibungen aufgeführt. Bitte nutzen Sie die Links auf der rechten Seite dieser Seite, um nähere Informationen zu den Standardfragentypen zu erhalten.

Reihenfolge der Fragetypen anpassen

Administratoren können die Reihenfolge festlegen, in der die Fragetypen im Fragenwahlmenü angezeigt werden, so dass sie den Dozierenden mit den gebräuchlichsten zuoberst angezeigt werden. Dies wird in Website-Administration > Plugins > Fragetypen > Fragetypen verwalten eingestellt. Der Administrator verwendet die Pfeile, um die Fragetypen neu zu ordnen.

Standardmäßig werden bei Neuinstallationen von Moodle die häufigsten Fragetypen zuerst angezeigt:

Standard-Reihenfolge in neuen Installationen



Calculated questions offer a way to create individual numerical questions by the use of wildcards that are substituted with individual values when the quiz is taken. Mehr zum Fragetyp Berechnet

Berechnete Multiple-Choice

Calculated multichoice questions are like multichoice questions with the additonal property that the elements to select can include formula results from numeric values that are selected randomly from a set when the quiz is taken. They use the same wildcards than Calculated questions and their wildcards can be shared with other Calculated multichoice or regular Calculated questions.

The main difference is that the formula is included in the answer choice as {=...} i.e if you calculate the surface of a rectangle {={l}*{w}}. Mehr zum Fragetyp Berechnete Multiple-Choice.


This question type is not actually a question. It just prints some text (and possibly graphics) without requiring an answer. This can be used to provide some information to be used by a subsequent group of questions, for example. Mehr zum Fragetyp Beschreibung

Drag-and-Drop auf Bild

Students make selections by dragging text, images or both to predefined boxes on a background image. Items may be grouped. Mehr zum Fragetyp Drag-and-Drop auf Bild.

Drag-and-Drop auf Text

Students select missing words or phrases and add them to text by dragging boxes to the correct location. Items may be grouped and used more than once. Mehr zum Fragetyp Drag-and-Drop auf Text.

Drag-and-Drop Markierungen

Students drop markers onto a selected area on a background image.Unlike the Drag and drop onto image question type, there are no predefined areas on the underlying image that are visible to the student. Mehr zum Fragetyp Drag-and-Drop Markierungen.

Einfach berechnet

Simple calculated questions offer a way to create individual numerical questions whose response is the result of a numerical formula which contain variable numerical values by the use of wildcards (i.e {x} , {y}) that are substituted with random values when the quiz is taken.

The simple calculated questions offers the most used features of the calculated question with a much simpler creation interface. Mehr zum Fragetyp Einfach berechnet.


This allows students to write at length on a particular subject and must be manually graded.

It is possible for a teacher to create a template to scaffold the student's answer in order to give them extra support. The template is then reproduced in the text editor when the student starts to answer the question. See Youtube video Essay scaffold with the Moodle quiz It is also possible to include grading information for teachers marking the essay to refer to as they assess the essays,

Response template and grader info set up
What the student sees
What the teacher sees

Mehr zum Fragetyp Freitext


In response to a question (that may include an image), the respondent types a word or phrase. There may several possible correct answers, with different grades. Answers may or may not be sensitive to case. Mehr zum Fragetyp Kurzantwort

Lückentext (Cloze)

These very flexible questions consist of a passage of text (in Moodle format) that has various answers embedded within it, including multiple choice, short answers and numerical answers. Mehr zum Fragetyp Lückentext (Cloze)


Students select a missing word or phrase from a dropdown menu. Items may be grouped and used more than once. Mehr zum Fragetyp Lückentextauswahl


With the Multiple Choice question type you can create single-answer and multiple-answer questions, include pictures, sound or other media in the question and/or answer options (by inserting HTML) and weight individual answers. Mehr zum Fragetyp Multiple-Choice


From the student perspective, a numerical question looks just like a short-answer question. The difference is that numerical answers are allowed to have an accepted error. This allows a continuous range of answers to be set. Mehr zum Fragetyp Numerisch


In response to a question (that may include an image), the respondent selects from two options: True or False. Mehr zum Fragetyp Wahr/Falsch

Zufällige Kurzantwortzuordnung

From the student perspective, this looks just like a Matching question. The difference is that the sub-questions are drawn randomly from Short Answer questions in the current category. Mehr zum Fragetyp Zufällige Kurzantwortzuordnung


A list of sub-questions is provided, along with a list of answers. The respondent must "match" the correct answers with each question. Mehr zum Fragetyp Zuordnung

Third-party question types

Besides the standard question types that are part of the core Moodle distribution, there are a number of question type add-ons in the add-ons database.

Some of those add-ons have additional documentation in Third-party question types.

Siehe auch