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Note: You are currently viewing documentation for Moodle 2.5. Up-to-date documentation for the latest stable version of Moodle may be available here: Building Lesson.

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{{Lesson}}
 
{{Lesson}}
This page is about how to strucure a Moodle lesson once you have created it with the [[Lesson settings]].
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This page is about how to structure a Moodle lesson once you have created it with the [[Lesson settings]]. For information on how best to use a Moodle lesson and how students approach it, see [[Using Lesson]]
  
 
==Planning your lesson==
 
==Planning your lesson==
 
*A lesson is made up of pages which may have content for the student to read or questions for them to answer. The questions can be created by the teacher or imported. The teacher decides the order in which these pages appear.
 
*A lesson is made up of pages which may have content for the student to read or questions for them to answer. The questions can be created by the teacher or imported. The teacher decides the order in which these pages appear.
 
*You need to have a clear idea beforehand of what you want to do with this lesson. Is it to be a graded, linear learning experience? Or an ungraded, non-linear practice session? Will students be able to go back and revisit areas or is it just a once-only opportunity?
 
*You need to have a clear idea beforehand of what you want to do with this lesson. Is it to be a graded, linear learning experience? Or an ungraded, non-linear practice session? Will students be able to go back and revisit areas or is it just a once-only opportunity?
*Even those who are very comfortable working directly online might find it useful to note down on paper the direction they want their lesson pages to go in, rather than having to remember  and visualise the navigation in their head.
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*Even those who are very comfortable working directly online might find it useful to note down on paper the direction they want their lesson pages to go in, rather than having to remember  and visualize the navigation in their head.
*For hints and ideas about using the Lesson module, look at [[Using Lesson]] and [Lesson FAQ]]
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*For hints and ideas about using the Lesson module, look at [[Using Lesson]] and [[Lesson FAQ]]
  
 
==Adding content and questions to your lesson==
 
==Adding content and questions to your lesson==
 
*When you have set up your lesson with the [[Lesson settings]],click "Save and display" and you will be taken to the screen in the screenshot below.
 
*When you have set up your lesson with the [[Lesson settings]],click "Save and display" and you will be taken to the screen in the screenshot below.
 
*If you click "Save and return to course" instead, then click the "update" icon next to the lesson on the page and click "edit" in the ''Settings block>Lesson Administration''
 
*If you click "Save and return to course" instead, then click the "update" icon next to the lesson on the page and click "edit" in the ''Settings block>Lesson Administration''
[[File:lessonbegin.png]]
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[[File:lessonppt1810.png]]
  
 
===Import questions===
 
===Import questions===
*If you have some questions in the following formats, you can import them to use in your lesson by clicking the Import questions link.
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*If you have some questions in the following formats, you can import them to use in your lesson by clicking the Import questions link. For general information about these question types, see [[Import questions]]
 
[[File:importquestions.png]]
 
[[File:importquestions.png]]
===Import a powerpoint===
 
*Although this setting is available, it really does not work and is not advised. See [[Import PowerPoint]] for alternatives.
 
  
 
===Add a cluster===
 
===Add a cluster===
(work in progress)
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*A cluster is a group of question pages which will be offered randomly to a student as they work through the lesson.It is best if you have made the question pages beforehand and can then decide where to mark the start and end of the cluster. The start is marked by a "cluster" page and the end by an "end of cluster" page. See [[Clusters]] for more information.
  
 
===Add a content page===
 
===Add a content page===
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====Page contents====
 
====Page contents====
This is where the tacher can add information for the student,making use of the [[Text editor]] and its multimedia features.
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*This is where the teacher can add information for the student, making use of the [[Text editor]] and its multimedia features.
  
 
====Content====
 
====Content====
 
*Here the teacher writes the words they want the student to click on to get to the next part of the lesson.
 
*Here the teacher writes the words they want the student to click on to get to the next part of the lesson.
 
*These words will appear to the student as a button.
 
*These words will appear to the student as a button.
*The teacher can check the box to have the buttons appear horizontally, or uncheck it for them to appear centred vertically.
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*The teacher can check the box to have the buttons appear horizontally, or uncheck it for them to appear centered vertically.
  
 
====Format====
 
====Format====
There are 4 format types to choose from when editing text in the content description box. If you wish to have the usual rich text editing icons,choose HTML format. (Note - once you have selected an option, you cannot then go back and change your mind!)However, if you DO choose HTML format, be warned that the student will not see the changes (such as bold or different colours) in the button.
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*There are 4 format types to choose from when editing text in the content description box. If you wish to have the usual rich text editing icons, choose HTML format. (Note - once you have selected an option, you cannot then go back and change your mind!) However, if you DO choose HTML format, be warned that the student will not see the changes (such as bold or different colours) in the button.
  
 
[[File:lessoncontentbuttons.png]]
 
[[File:lessoncontentbuttons.png]]
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==== The Jump====
 
==== The Jump====
 
*Each Description in a Content page has a Jumps menu. "Jumps" take a student from one page to another.
 
*Each Description in a Content page has a Jumps menu. "Jumps" take a student from one page to another.
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*A "relative jump" is "next page" or "end of lesson" whereas an "absolute jump" gives the actual name of a page.
 
*The teacher chooses from the dropdown the correct page to send the student to if they click on the button that will be made from this particular description. Any pages created by the teacher will have their titles appear in this dropdown, allowing them to be selected.
 
*The teacher chooses from the dropdown the correct page to send the student to if they click on the button that will be made from this particular description. Any pages created by the teacher will have their titles appear in this dropdown, allowing them to be selected.
 
*When a student clicks on a description button, they are sent to the page defined in the Jump associated with the button.
 
*When a student clicks on a description button, they are sent to the page defined in the Jump associated with the button.
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*See [[Jumps]] for more detailed information.
  
 
===Add a question page===
 
===Add a question page===
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[[File:addquestionpage.png]]
 
[[File:addquestionpage.png]]
 
*''(Note: These question types are not the same as for the [[Quiz]] and are in no way connected with quiz questions.)''
 
*''(Note: These question types are not the same as for the [[Quiz]] and are in no way connected with quiz questions.)''
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*The format of question pages is similar to content pages outlined in [[Building_Lesson#Add_a_content_page| Section 2.4]] above.
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*A typical question page could include:
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**'''Title''' - the name the student sees at the top of the question page.
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**'''Page contents''' - the actual question
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**[[File:examplequestion.png]]
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**'''Answer/Response/Format/Jump/Score''' as in the screenshot below
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**[[File:exampleanswer.png]]
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===Question types===
 
====Multichoice====
 
====Multichoice====
 
*The student is given a question and a list of answers. The answer list will be shuffled every time the question is view by a student. By default they choose one answer but you can check the box "multiple answer" to allow them to choose more than one answer.
 
*The student is given a question and a list of answers. The answer list will be shuffled every time the question is view by a student. By default they choose one answer but you can check the box "multiple answer" to allow them to choose more than one answer.
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*Students can write a longer answer as part of the lesson and this can be graded manually by the teacher. If the main purpose of your lesson is for students to write an essay, consider the [[Assignment module]] instead.
 
*Students can write a longer answer as part of the lesson and this can be graded manually by the teacher. If the main purpose of your lesson is for students to write an essay, consider the [[Assignment module]] instead.
 
====Matching====
 
====Matching====
*This allows you to set up lists which must be matched against other lists, for instance, words, pictures, numebers etc. The student must match all correctly to receive the score.
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*This allows you to set up lists which must be matched against other lists, for instance, words, pictures, numbers etc. The student must match all correctly to receive the score.
 
====Numerical====
 
====Numerical====
*This requires a number as an answer. A number within a range may also be accepted as correct.
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*This requires a number as an answer. A number within a range may also be accepted as correct. The range separator to be used is the colon : For example, to accept as correct any number between 10 and 12 (10, 11 and 12) you would type 10:12 in the Answer box.
===Short answer===
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====Short answer====
 
*A student must provide a single word or short phrase answer. The teacher must anticipate the possible answers and enter them in the Jump dropdown boxes, using ** wild cards if appropriate.
 
*A student must provide a single word or short phrase answer. The teacher must anticipate the possible answers and enter them in the Jump dropdown boxes, using ** wild cards if appropriate.
 
====True/false====
 
====True/false====
 
*The student is given a sentence and must decide if it is true or false.
 
*The student is given a sentence and must decide if it is true or false.
  
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==Moving your lesson forward==
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*Once you have added your first content or question page, you reach the next screen which displays your page title/type/jumps (ie where the responses take the student to) and actions you can take next:
 +
[[File:lessonactions.png]]
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*The '''Actions''' icons allow you to move (if you have more than one), edit, preview or delete your pages.
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*The drop down allows you to create another page of your choice:
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[[File:lessonactionsdropdown.png]]
  
== Branches and content pages ==
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*Note the different view options:
If your lesson delivers quite a lot of information, you can divide it into sections that are called "branches". One way of moving between these branches is by adding a content page.
 
:''Tip:'' You can also move between branches with a question page.  For example: a poor answer choice might send the student to a branch for some additional information.
 
 
 
Content pages are pages which have a set of [[Jumps|jumps/links]] to other pages in the lesson.  The student sees labeled buttons under the page content to provide their choices. Content pages are similar to many question page types.  They have a title, [[Page content|content]] section, student choices (called descriptions) and [[Jumps|jumps]] associated with each choice. Content pages are grade neutral, so there are no scores.  Content pages also can be put to special uses by a teacher.  To help understand these concepts we are going to call one use a "ordered branch" and the other a "classic branch". 
 
 
 
===Ordered branches===
 
A table of contents is an example of a use of ordered branches. Typically a lesson may start with a Content page with the title "Table of Contents".  The student selects a Description button and jumps to a page in the edit order that starts a series of pages about that subject.  At the end of an ordered branch, the student is given several options by a question or a content page, such as: "Go to the next page", "Start of the series again",  "End the lesson", or "Return to the Table of Contents. [[Image:Lesson visual order graphic1.png|thumb|100px|center|TOC that leads to 3 ordered branches]]
 
 
 
===Classic branches===
 
The classic branch is an advanced navigational feature.  It introduces random movement within a series of pages that the teacher determines.  A classic branch needs a Branch Table at the start of the series and a special navigation page called "End of Branch" at the end of the series. 
 
 
 
The default jump in an "End of Branch" page is the preceding content page as an absolute jump.  After a classic branch has been created, the teacher will see 3 new relative jump options: "Unseen question within a branch", "Random question within a branch" and "Random branch page".  The classic branch with its "end of branch" navigation page is similar to a [[Clusters|cluster]].
 
 
 
:''Tip:'' As with any advanced navigational feature, it is best to add it after the basic question and content pages have been created.  Checking the Lesson's behavior in a student role is another best practice with highly adaptive lesson formats.
 
 
 
===Tips when using branches===
 
*The number of links shown when setting up or editing a content or a question page is set by the [[Lesson settings]]. This parameter can be changed on the fly by clicking on the Settings block >Lesson administration >edit settings link.
 
*When a lesson includes one or more ordered or classic branches, teachers need to decide if their students must visit every branch.  By adding a question or two in each branch, the teacher can set the "Edit settings" Minimum number of Questions]]" parameter to some reasonable number of questions that must be answered.  Without this parameter a student might visit a single branch in the lesson, answer all its questions correctly and leave the lesson with the maximum grade based upon their attempts, not the total number of available questions.
 
 
 
*Remember that using branches may encourage a student to revisit a question page more than once.  This can impact scoring.  Since scores can not be displayed for a teacher, it is a good practice for a new Moodling Teacher to log in as a student to check how the score is kept in their Lesson.
 
 
 
*[[Lesson_Pages#Branch_.28Branch_Table.29-_Choice_Pages|Choice pages gives]] detailed help about editing a branch . [[Adding_a_content_page|Adding a content page (branch table)]] reviews process.
 
 
 
== Lesson dependencies and linking ==
 
===Dependency===
 
Lesson has dependency setting similar to [[Conditional activities]].  It allows the current lesson to be dependent upon a student's performance in one specific lesson that is in the same course. If the conditions(s) is not met, then the student will not be able to access  the current lesson. This feature is independent of [[Restrict access settings]] which only will appear if [[Conditional access} has been enabled on the site.
 
 
 
These "Dependent on" conditions include: time spent, completed or receive a better than grade one specific lesson.  Any  combination of the conditions can be used. Please note, a Lesson must include one question for the dependent "completed" condition to be met.
 
 
 
*A typical use of this feature is to "daisy chain" a series of Lessons to make sure the students take the lessons in order.  This might be useful in a training type of course which has no open or close dates because it can be started and finished at any time.
 
  
===Links to other places===
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====Collapsed view====
Use the "Link to" in the [[Lesson settings]] to offer the student a direct link button to another activity in the course when they complete the lesson.
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*This gives a brief outline of the lesson structure as in the two screenshots above.
  
Another handy Lesson setting "Pop-Up to file or web page" will create a window the student can view while in the lesson.
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====Expanded view====
 +
*This shows more detail as in the screenshot below:
 +
[[File:expandedview.png]]
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==Ending your lesson==
 +
*To bring the lesson to a close, select the "End of Lesson" option from the Jump menu on any relevant pages.
 +
*The student will then see a generic message as in the next screenshot, with a direction back to the main course page or to view their grades:
 +
[[File:endoflesson1.png]]
  
:'''Tip:'''More advanced Moodlers can figure out how to place HTML links on a lesson page. Thus it is possible to create a link to another lesson/activity, a lesson/activity in another course, or even to a specific page in a lesson.  While this method can be useful, the student may not be able to find their way back to the page with the link.  In general, the links can be created by copying the location of the desired link from the browser's address bar, then pasting it as a link.
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[[de:Lektion erstellen]]
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[[ja:レッスンの作成]]

Latest revision as of 11:25, 21 January 2014

This page is about how to structure a Moodle lesson once you have created it with the Lesson settings. For information on how best to use a Moodle lesson and how students approach it, see Using Lesson

Planning your lesson

  • A lesson is made up of pages which may have content for the student to read or questions for them to answer. The questions can be created by the teacher or imported. The teacher decides the order in which these pages appear.
  • You need to have a clear idea beforehand of what you want to do with this lesson. Is it to be a graded, linear learning experience? Or an ungraded, non-linear practice session? Will students be able to go back and revisit areas or is it just a once-only opportunity?
  • Even those who are very comfortable working directly online might find it useful to note down on paper the direction they want their lesson pages to go in, rather than having to remember and visualize the navigation in their head.
  • For hints and ideas about using the Lesson module, look at Using Lesson and Lesson FAQ

Adding content and questions to your lesson

  • When you have set up your lesson with the Lesson settings,click "Save and display" and you will be taken to the screen in the screenshot below.
  • If you click "Save and return to course" instead, then click the "update" icon next to the lesson on the page and click "edit" in the Settings block>Lesson Administration

lessonppt1810.png

Import questions

  • If you have some questions in the following formats, you can import them to use in your lesson by clicking the Import questions link. For general information about these question types, see Import questions

importquestions.png

Add a cluster

  • A cluster is a group of question pages which will be offered randomly to a student as they work through the lesson.It is best if you have made the question pages beforehand and can then decide where to mark the start and end of the cluster. The start is marked by a "cluster" page and the end by an "end of cluster" page. See Clusters for more information.

Add a content page

  • This is a page where a teacher can provide information to move the lesson forward but without requiring the student to answer specific questions.
  • The student sees the page's title, some information and then one or more buttons at the bottom to select.
  • When the student clicks on a button, they go to the next page but their choice is not scored.

Title

  • The title of a content page appears to the student at the top of the page.
  • A teacher will also see the title in the collapsed edit mode when they are working on the Lesson, and they will also be able to choose the title (and hence this page) from the drop down "jump" lists.
  • The title in a content page is also used with the "display left menu" setting.

Page contents

  • This is where the teacher can add information for the student, making use of the Text editor and its multimedia features.

Content

  • Here the teacher writes the words they want the student to click on to get to the next part of the lesson.
  • These words will appear to the student as a button.
  • The teacher can check the box to have the buttons appear horizontally, or uncheck it for them to appear centered vertically.

Format

  • There are 4 format types to choose from when editing text in the content description box. If you wish to have the usual rich text editing icons, choose HTML format. (Note - once you have selected an option, you cannot then go back and change your mind!) However, if you DO choose HTML format, be warned that the student will not see the changes (such as bold or different colours) in the button.

lessoncontentbuttons.png

Number of options available

  • How many of these you have depends on your choice in the Maximum Number of Answers setting in Lesson settings

The Jump

  • Each Description in a Content page has a Jumps menu. "Jumps" take a student from one page to another.
  • A "relative jump" is "next page" or "end of lesson" whereas an "absolute jump" gives the actual name of a page.
  • The teacher chooses from the dropdown the correct page to send the student to if they click on the button that will be made from this particular description. Any pages created by the teacher will have their titles appear in this dropdown, allowing them to be selected.
  • When a student clicks on a description button, they are sent to the page defined in the Jump associated with the button.
  • See Jumps for more detailed information.

Add a question page

  • From this link you can choose from a variety of question types which will then be added as pages to your lesson:

addquestionpage.png

  • (Note: These question types are not the same as for the Quiz and are in no way connected with quiz questions.)
  • The format of question pages is similar to content pages outlined in Section 2.4 above.
  • A typical question page could include:
    • Title - the name the student sees at the top of the question page.
    • Page contents - the actual question
    • examplequestion.png
    • Answer/Response/Format/Jump/Score as in the screenshot below
    • exampleanswer.png

Question types

Multichoice

  • The student is given a question and a list of answers. The answer list will be shuffled every time the question is view by a student. By default they choose one answer but you can check the box "multiple answer" to allow them to choose more than one answer.

Essay

  • Students can write a longer answer as part of the lesson and this can be graded manually by the teacher. If the main purpose of your lesson is for students to write an essay, consider the Assignment module instead.

Matching

  • This allows you to set up lists which must be matched against other lists, for instance, words, pictures, numbers etc. The student must match all correctly to receive the score.

Numerical

  • This requires a number as an answer. A number within a range may also be accepted as correct. The range separator to be used is the colon : For example, to accept as correct any number between 10 and 12 (10, 11 and 12) you would type 10:12 in the Answer box.

Short answer

  • A student must provide a single word or short phrase answer. The teacher must anticipate the possible answers and enter them in the Jump dropdown boxes, using ** wild cards if appropriate.

True/false

  • The student is given a sentence and must decide if it is true or false.

Moving your lesson forward

  • Once you have added your first content or question page, you reach the next screen which displays your page title/type/jumps (ie where the responses take the student to) and actions you can take next:

lessonactions.png

  • The Actions icons allow you to move (if you have more than one), edit, preview or delete your pages.
  • The drop down allows you to create another page of your choice:

lessonactionsdropdown.png

  • Note the different view options:

Collapsed view

  • This gives a brief outline of the lesson structure as in the two screenshots above.

Expanded view

  • This shows more detail as in the screenshot below:

expandedview.png

Ending your lesson

  • To bring the lesson to a close, select the "End of Lesson" option from the Jump menu on any relevant pages.
  • The student will then see a generic message as in the next screenshot, with a direction back to the main course page or to view their grades:

endoflesson1.png