Quiz reports

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Note: You are currently viewing documentation for Moodle 2.3. Up-to-date documentation for the latest stable version is available here: Quiz reports.

Please refer to these notes before editing this page.

Depending upon how the site is setup, you will find all of the reports on the course a navigation menu. By clicking on the quiz name and then "Attempts" you will go to the default Results report called Grades.

The standard reports can be difficult to find for a 1.9 user of Moodle in a teacher's role. They are NOT in the Quiz administration menu. However once the navigation menu is displayed on the left, you should always be able to see the links as displayed below.
2.1 navigation menu showing a Quiz's Result menu links

Quiz Results > Grades page

When the teacher clicks on the link to the quiz, they will see an "Attempts" link just above the "Preview quiz now" button. This will bring them to the Results > Grades page.


On this page the teacher may:

  • Set preferences for page
    • Set show/download filters for attempts
    • Set show/download filters for grading
  • Set preferences for the report
    • Page size
    • Include question marks

There are also buttons for:

  • Regrading the quiz
    • Regrade all
    • Dry run a full grade
    • Regrade attempts marked as needing regrading
    • Regrade selected attempts
    • Delete selected attempts
  • Downloading table data in several formats
  • A chart showing # of students grades in a range

Depending upon the filter, the teacher may review each students quiz and see how they answered a specific question from this page.

Quiz result report

  1. First name / Surname -
  2. Started on - the date and time quiz was started
  3. Completed - the date and time completed
  4. Time taken - the amount of time it took the student to start and submit the quiz
  5. Grade/x - the number of points students scored; 'x' is the maximum number of points
  6. Feedback - any feed back remarks
Report showing only basic information

Preference for Results > Grades page

Show / download options :

  • Participants who have attempted the quiz
  • Participants who have not attempted the quiz
  • all attempts - list all the students on the course no matter if they did the test or not
  • all Participants who have or have not attempted the quiz

Only show / download attempts check boxes for:

  • that are graded for each user (Highest grade)
  • that have been regraded / are marked as needing regrading

Report preferences

  • Page size
  • Show/download marks for each question

Show results report

Once you set the above preferences, click on "Show report" button. This produces a list of "Participants".

With the Select all / Deselect all options you can check / un-check all the names in the list. This will allow you to regrade or deleted the selected attempts.

Tip: To sort the results by two columns, first click on the column heading you want to be the second key, and then click on the column heading you want to be the primary key.

Quiz Results > Responses page

Same filters for show /download

  • Only show /down load that are graded for each user

Include check boxes for

  • Summary of the question
  • Summary of the response given
  • Summary of the right answer

Quiz Results > Statistics page

This page produces a table of statistics and an analysis of each question and a graph of the Facility and discriminative efficiency for each question.

Preference are to calculate statistics from first attempt or all attempts

There is a lot of information on this page concerning the over all quiz.

Quiz Results > Manual grading page

This page shows the questions in the quiz that require a teacher to manually grade. For example, an essay question.


(add this to the end of the Results > Grades section, 2.o does not have a regrade tab )

This will report on all answers that have been changed through regrading. Selecting the regrade tab automatically starts the regrade process. Please note that this tab triggers the process and indicates through fonts those student answers which have been changed through the regrading process.

Manual grading

The grade of any question in a quiz can be manually overridden, and a comment added. A teacher can do this from the review page. There are also some question types that Moodle does not grade automatically (at the moment only the Essay question). This report helps you grade questions of these types by listing just the questions that still need to be graded.

Item analysis

This report presents data about each quiz's question in a table. The report gives measures that aid in analyzing and judging the performance of each question. This is done for all students or a group, who took the quiz at the time of the report.

In short, this report will tell the teacher what percentage of the students selected each answer, how the highest scoring quiz takers answered the question compared to lowest scoring quiz takers and other statistical assessment information. It is possible to sort the table by each of its data columns.

From this report it is also possible to find a link that will allow the teacher to edit any question in the quiz.

The statistical parameters used are defined in the help link next "Item Analysis Table" header, or in the help file \moodle\lang\en_utf8\help\quiz\itemanalysis.html

Quiz Results ItemAnalysis example.JPG

Analysis columns

  • Q# - shows the question id number, icon type and a preview popup window link that has an edit link embedded in it.
  • Question Text - the question
  • Answer text - each answer
  • Partial credit - how much credit was given by teacher for each answer
  • R counts - how many selected the answer and the total attempts
  • % R - the percentage that selected that answer
  • Facility Index (% Correct) - the overall difficulty of the question
  • Standard Deviation (SD) - measure of variation of selected answers
  • DI & DC columns - Question effectiveness measures

Descriptions defined

  • Facility Index (% Correct) - The overall difficulty of the questions.
FI = (Xaverage) / Xmax 

where Xaverage is the mean credit obtained by all users attempting the item, and Xmax is the maximum credit achievable for that item. If questions can be distributed dicotomically into correct / incorrect categories, this parameter coincides with the percentage of users that answer the question correctly.

  • Standard Deviation (SD) - The range of responses

This parameter measures the spread of answers in the response population. If all users answers the same, then SD=0. SD is calculated as the statistical standard deviation for the sample of fractional scores (achieved/maximum) at each particular question.

  • DI & DC columns - Effectiveness measures

Both DC and DI can be used as powerful methods of evaluating the effectiveness of the quiz when assessing differentiation of learners. The advantage of using Discrimination Coefficient as opposed to Discrimination Index is that the former uses information from the whole population of learners, not just the extreme upper and lower thirds. Thus, this parameter may be more sensitive to detect item performance.

    • Discrimination Index (DI)

This provides a rough indicator of the performance of each item to separate high scores vs. scorers. This parameter is calculated by first dividing learners into thirds based on the overall score in the quiz. Then the average score at the analysed item is calculated for the groups of top and bottom performers, and the average scored subtracted. The mathematical expression is:

DI = (Xtop - Xbottom)/ N 

where Xtop is the sum of the fractional credit (achieved/maximum) obtained at this item by the 1/3 of users having the highest grades in the whole quiz (i.e. number of correct responses in this group), and Xbottom is the analog sum for users with the lower 1/3 grades for the whole quiz.

This parameter can take values between +1 and -1. If the index goes below 0.0 it means that more of the weaker learners got the item right than the stronger learners. Such items should be discarded as worthless. In fact, they reduce the accuracy of the overall score for the quiz.

    • Discrimination Coefficient (DC) -

This is another measure of the separating power of the item to distinguish proficient from weak learners. The discrimination coefficient is a correlation coefficient between scores at the item and at the whole quiz. Here it is calculated as:

DC = Sum(xy)/ (N * sx * sy) 

where Sum(xy) is the sum of the products of deviations for item scores and overall quiz scores, N is the number of responses given to this question, sx is the standard deviation of fractional scores for this question and, sy is the standard deviation of scores at the quiz as a whole.

Again, this parameter can take values between +1 and -1. Positive values indicate items that do discriminate proficient learners, whereas negative indices mark items that are answered best by those with lowest grades. Items with negative DC are answered incorrectly by the seasoned learners and thus they are actually a penalty against the most proficient learners. Those items should be avoided.

Delete selected attempts

This is one of the buttons below the grades. This allows you to delete an attempt by a student who has mistakenly used up an attempt when the quiz is set to allow only 1 attempt or so.

A related discussion is here: http://moodle.org/mod/forum/discuss.php?d=62972

See also