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{{Help files}}
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{{Glossary}}
{{Glossaries}}
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==Adding a glossary entry==
 +
To add a glossary entry:
  
===Add a new entry===
+
[[File:Addingglossaryentry.png]]
  
Adding a new entry, you have to fill in two fields. Others are obligatory.  
+
#From the glossary page, click the "Add a new entry" button.
 +
#Enter the word you want to define in the Concept text field.
 +
#Add the definition of the word or concept.
 +
#If you've defined categories in the "Browse by category" tab, you can categorize your entry here.
 +
#If there are synonyms you want to include with the entry, add them to the Keyword(s) text area. Enter one word per line.
 +
#If you want to add an attachment, such as a picture or an article, you can attach it below the Keyword(s) text area.
 +
#Select the auto-linking options (see below).
 +
#Click the "Save changes" button to add your word to the glossary.
  
* '''Concept''' (mandatory)
+
==Editing glossary entries/Adding categories==
 +
Categories may be created to help organize your glossary entries. If you've enabled autolinking, the category names can be linked along with individual entries.
  
Here you should insert the word/concept, the definition of which you wish to create.
+
[[File:Addglossarycategory.png]]
  
* '''Definition''' (mandatory)
+
To create a glossary category:
  
As its name suggests, this field should contain the definition of the word/concept.  
+
#Click the "Browse by category" tab in the main page of the glossary.
 +
#Click the "Edit categories" button on the left side of the page.
 +
#Click the "Add category" button on the resulting Categories page.
 +
#Give the category a name.
 +
#Choose whether you want the category name autolinked as well.
 +
#Click the "Save changes" button.
  
* '''Keywords'''
+
If you autolink the category name, any occurrence of those words will be linked. When a student clicks on the link, they will be taken to the "Browse by category" page of the glossary.
  
Each entry in the glossary can have an associated list of keywords (or aliases). Enter each alias on a new line (not separated by commas). The aliased words and phrases can be used as alternative ways to refer to the entry. For example, if you are using the glossary auto-linking filter then the aliases will be used (as well as the main name of the entry) when deciding what words to link to this entry.
+
==Browse options==
 +
You can browse glossaries according to the following options:
  
* '''Categories'''
+
[[File:Browseglossary.png]]
  
The default setting is 'Not categorised'. However, if you do add new categories, they will display here giving the possibility of choice.
+
*Browse by alphabet
 +
*Browse by category (if there are any categories added)
 +
*Browse by date (you can sort entries by last update or by creation date)
 +
*Browse by author
  
* '''Enabling automatic linking in a entry'''
+
==Search options==
  
To be able to use this feature, the glossary auto-linking filter should be activated by the administrator via Administration >> Configuration >> [[Filters (administrator)|Filters]].
+
You can also search for a given word using the Search field. Checking the 'Search full text' option (on the right side of the Search box) allows searching for a given word in any position in the text. This can take longer and return more entries than you might wish, but it is thorough. If you do not check the "Search full text" box, the search only looks for the term names. The index below lets you browse the glossary according to a given letter.
 +
 
 +
==Waiting approval==
 +
 
 +
If entries require teacher approval before being publicly posted, this is where those entries are approved.
 +
 
 +
==Printing a glossary==
 +
 
 +
At the top right of the main glossary page, you'll see a little printer icon. If you click the icon, Moodle will open a new browser window and present all the words and definitions in a printer-friendly format.
 +
 
 +
To print the glossary:
 +
 
 +
#Click the printer icon at the top of the main glossary page.
 +
#From the newly opened window, choose Print from the File menu of your browser.
 +
#Once the word list has printed, close the printer-friendly format window.
 +
 
 +
Note: Teachers are always provided with a printer-friendly format link. To enable students to print a glossary, set "Allow print view" to Yes on the edit glossary page.
 +
==Glossary comments==
  
This feature allows entries to be automatically linked whenever the concept words and phrases appear in the course. This includes forum postings, internal resources, week summaries and so on.
+
If you enabled comments on the glossary entries, users can annotate the definitions in the word list. When you look at a word in the glossary list, you'll see a blue "Comments" link in the lower left-hand corner:
  
If you do not want particular text to be linked (in a forum posting, say) then you should add <code><nolink></code> and <code></nolink></code> tags around the text.
+
[[File:Glossarycomments.png]]
  
* '''Case sensitive matching'''
+
When you click the link, a comments box opens up. Add your comment then click the "Save changes" button.
  
This setting specifies whether matching exact upper and lower case is necessary when performing automatic linking to these entries.
+
Once you've saved your comment, Moodle will display all of the comments for the entry. When you return to the main glossary page, you'll see a new message next to the speech balloon telling you how many comments there are for the entry.
  
For example, if this is turned on, then a word like "html" in a forum posting will NOT be linked to a glossary entry called "HTML".
+
==Exporting glossary entries to another glossary==
  
* '''Whole words matching'''
+
Glossary entries can be exported and then imported into another glossary.
  
If automatic linking is enabled, then turning this setting on will force only whole words to be linked.
+
#In ''Settings > Glossary administration > Export entries'' click the "Export entries to file" button.
 +
#Save the automatically generated XML file on your computer.
  
For example, a glossary entry named "construct" will not create a link inside the word "constructivism".
+
When the entries are imported into another glossary, the user performing the import will be listed as author of all the entries.
  
===Import entries===
+
A copy of a glossary may also be made by backing up the activity. To include glossary entries in the backup, 'Include enrolled users' must be ticked in the initial backup settings. When the glossary is restored, the authors of the entries will be the same as in the original glossary.
  
This allows you to import glossaries that have been exported from other glossaries. To import entries, select the XML file on your own computer which contains the entries to import (using the Browse button).
+
==Exporting glossary entries to a portfolio==
  
The Destination field allows you to define the destination of imported entries. You can specify whether you want to import entries to '''''Current Glossary''''' (which will append the imported entries to the currently open glossary) or '''''New Glossary''''' (which will create a new glossary based on the information found in the selected import file and will insert the new entries into it).
+
Users with permissions to export glossary entries to a portfolio such as Mahara or Google Docs can do this via the export icon at the bottom of each glossary entry:
  
If you check the Import categories box, you will import not only the entries but also the categories the new entries will be assigned to.
+
[[File:Glossaryexport.png]]
  
Import format example:
+
==Importing glossary entries==
  
<pre><?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
+
Glossary entries can be imported via XML file in ''Settings > Glossary administration > Import entries''. See [[Import glossary entries]] for details.
<GLOSSARY>
 
    <INFO>
 
        <NAME>Latest Glossary</NAME>
 
        <INTRO>Glossary of topics relevant to all Students and Staff</INTRO>
 
        <STUDENTCANPOST>0</STUDENTCANPOST>
 
        <ALLOWDUPLICATEDENTRIES>0</ALLOWDUPLICATEDENTRIES>
 
        <DISPLAYFORMAT>dictionary</DISPLAYFORMAT>
 
        <SHOWSPECIAL>1</SHOWSPECIAL>
 
        <SHOWALPHABET>1</SHOWALPHABET>
 
        <SHOWALL>1</SHOWALL>
 
        <ALLOWCOMMENTS>0</ALLOWCOMMENTS>
 
        <USEDYNALINK>1</USEDYNALINK>
 
        <DEFAULTAPPROVAL>1</DEFAULTAPPROVAL>
 
        <GLOBALGLOSSARY>1</GLOBALGLOSSARY>
 
        <ENTBYPAGE>20</ENTBYPAGE>
 
        <ENTRIES>
 
                <ENTRY>             
 
                <CONCEPT>Bullying</CONCEPT>
 
                <DEFINITION>Bullying is bad</DEFINITION>
 
                <FORMAT>1</FORMAT>
 
                <USEDYNALINK>0</USEDYNALINK>
 
                <CASESENSITIVE>0</CASESENSITIVE>
 
                <FULLMATCH>0</FULLMATCH>
 
                <TEACHERENTRY>1</TEACHERENTRY>
 
                <ALIASES>
 
                    <ALIAS>
 
                        <NAME>harrassment</NAME>
 
                    </ALIAS>
 
                </ALIASES>
 
                <CATEGORIES>
 
                    <CATEGORY>
 
                        <NAME>Behaviour</NAME>
 
                        <USEDYNALINK>1</USEDYNALINK>
 
                    </CATEGORY>
 
                </CATEGORIES>
 
            </ENTRY>
 
            <ENTRY>
 
                <CONCEPT>Friendship</CONCEPT>
 
                <DEFINITION>Friendship is good</DEFINITION>
 
                <FORMAT>1</FORMAT>
 
                <USEDYNALINK>0</USEDYNALINK>
 
                <CASESENSITIVE>0</CASESENSITIVE>
 
                <FULLMATCH>0</FULLMATCH>
 
                <TEACHERENTRY>1</TEACHERENTRY>
 
                <ALIASES>
 
                    <ALIAS>
 
                        <NAME>friend</NAME>
 
                    </ALIAS>
 
                </ALIASES>
 
                <CATEGORIES>
 
                    <CATEGORY>
 
                        <NAME>Social</NAME>
 
                        <USEDYNALINK>1</USEDYNALINK>
 
                    </CATEGORY>
 
                </CATEGORIES>
 
            </ENTRY>
 
        </ENTRIES>
 
    </INFO>
 
</GLOSSARY></pre>
 
  
Copy each section beginning <ENTRY> and ending with </ENTRY> and edit the entry.
+
==Why use a Glossary?==
  
===Export entries===
+
While a basic glossary is important, creatively applying the glossary can really make an impact on your class.
  
This allows you to export your glossary to share with another glossary. Clicking Export entries will generate an xml file, which, as it says, you can import in this or other course.
+
===Collaborative glossaries===
  
===Waiting approval===
+
Instead of creating a glossary on your own, why not have the students create them as they encounter unfamiliar terms? A collaborative glossary can serve as a focal point for collaboration in a course. Each member of the class could be assigned to contribute a term, a definition, or comments on submitted definitions. Multiple definitions can be rated by you and by the students, with the highest-rated definitions accepted for the final class glossary.
  
If entries require teacher approval before being publicly posted, this is where those entries are approved.  
+
When students are responsible for creating the definitions, they are much more likely to remember the word and the correct definition. Engaging in the process of learning, debating, and refining a glossary can go a long way toward helping students begin using new terms.
  
===Browse options===
+
You can also structure multiple glossaries over the course of a semester. Break them up by unit, chapter, week, or any other organizational structure.
  
You can browse glossaries according to several criteria, such as:
+
If you have a large class, assign student teams to come up with definitions and answers. One strategy for managing large courses is to make each team responsible for one week’s worth of definitions, while all the other teams must rate and comment. Alternatively, each team could be responsible for one definition per chapter and then rate and comment on the other teams’ work.
  
* '''Browse by alphabet'''
+
===Credit for word use===
 +
This is a combination strategy using the forum and the auto-linking feature of the glossary. After you and your students have defined the glossary terms, it’s important for students to begin practising using the words in realistic contexts. Students, however, are usually reluctant to experiment with new terms. With the auto-linking feature, it’s easy to spot when a glossary word has been used in a forum or in a posting on the web site.
 +
To encourage word use, assign a portion of the credit students receive for their forum postings for correct use of glossary terms. As you or other students rate posts, you can quickly scan for highlighted glossary words and award points for usage. You may even want to break the score down further. Perhaps award one point for using the word and two points for using it correctly.
  
* '''Browse by category''' (if there are any categories added)
+
==="Getting to know you"===
 +
Make a glossary into which new students add their photo and personal details.Add this glossary to the [[Random_glossary_entry_block| Random glossary block]] on the side of your course page and - at intervals you choose- details about a different new student are highlighted.
  
* '''Browse by date''' (you can sort entries by last update or by creation date)
+
===Thought for the Day===
 +
In addition to adding vocabulary and key terms glossaries to the [[Random_glossary_entry_block| Random glossary block]] why not add  a glossary containing pertinent "thoughts for the day", ethical, spiritual, motivational -you decide!
  
* '''Browse by Author'''
+
===Simple peer assessment===
 +
Have students add pieces of work with descriptions to a glossary and allow their classmates to comment on each others' entries to create a basic framework for peer assessment. While this can be done in a [[Forum]] or more thoroughly in a [[Workshop]], a glossary is a fast and effective solution.
  
You can also search for a given word using the Search field. Checking the 'Search full text' option (on the right side of the Search box) allows searching for a given word in any position in the text. This can take longer and return more entries than you might wish, but it is thorough. If you do not check the "Search full text" box, the search only looks for the term names. The index below lets you browse the glossary according to a given letter.
+
==Turning off links to glossary terms==
 +
* In places such as forum posts and quizzes, terms will be automatically highlighted and linked if they are in the glossary. Sometimes, this may be unwanted. To avoid this on a case-by-case basis, click on the blue ''Filters'' link in the activity's Settings block. There you will  be able to turn off the glossary auto-linking feature for that particular activity while keeping it enabled elsewhere on the course:
  
When you are done with adding a new word, click "Save changes".
+
[[File:Glossaryautolinkingoff.png]]
  
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==
  
*[http://moodle.org/mod/forum/discuss.php?d=10570 Importing glossaries in WebCT format] forum discussion
+
*[[Random glossary entry block]] - display glossary entries
 +
*[http://demo.moodle.org/course/view.php?id=604 Exchange Samples] in the Moodle Demo site for glossaries shared in the Moodle Exchange set up to look at. 
 +
*Slides 19 onwards of "Creative Uses of Moodle Modules" Google doc [https://docs.google.com/present/view?id=0ATUGBiDGHylXZGc5amI3Yl81Y3h0eGt0Z3o&hl=en&pli=1]
 +
*[http://www.slideshare.net/michelledmoore/the-glossary-module-moodles-swiss-army-knife The Glossary Module: Moodle's Swiss Army Knife] presentation by Michelle Moore
 +
 
 +
Using Moodle forum discussions:
 +
*[http://moodle.org/mod/forum/discuss.php?d=54403 Any creative ideas/ stories for using glossaries]
 +
*[http://moodle.org/mod/forum/discuss.php?d=145337 Glossary Generator]
  
[[Category:Teacher]]
+
[[de:Glossar nutzen]]
[[Category:Glossary]]
+
[[fr:Utiliser un glossaire]]
 +
[[ja:用語集を閲覧する]]

Latest revision as of 14:56, 18 July 2012

Adding a glossary entry

To add a glossary entry:

Addingglossaryentry.png

  1. From the glossary page, click the "Add a new entry" button.
  2. Enter the word you want to define in the Concept text field.
  3. Add the definition of the word or concept.
  4. If you've defined categories in the "Browse by category" tab, you can categorize your entry here.
  5. If there are synonyms you want to include with the entry, add them to the Keyword(s) text area. Enter one word per line.
  6. If you want to add an attachment, such as a picture or an article, you can attach it below the Keyword(s) text area.
  7. Select the auto-linking options (see below).
  8. Click the "Save changes" button to add your word to the glossary.

Editing glossary entries/Adding categories

Categories may be created to help organize your glossary entries. If you've enabled autolinking, the category names can be linked along with individual entries.

Addglossarycategory.png

To create a glossary category:

  1. Click the "Browse by category" tab in the main page of the glossary.
  2. Click the "Edit categories" button on the left side of the page.
  3. Click the "Add category" button on the resulting Categories page.
  4. Give the category a name.
  5. Choose whether you want the category name autolinked as well.
  6. Click the "Save changes" button.

If you autolink the category name, any occurrence of those words will be linked. When a student clicks on the link, they will be taken to the "Browse by category" page of the glossary.

Browse options

You can browse glossaries according to the following options:

Browseglossary.png

  • Browse by alphabet
  • Browse by category (if there are any categories added)
  • Browse by date (you can sort entries by last update or by creation date)
  • Browse by author

Search options

You can also search for a given word using the Search field. Checking the 'Search full text' option (on the right side of the Search box) allows searching for a given word in any position in the text. This can take longer and return more entries than you might wish, but it is thorough. If you do not check the "Search full text" box, the search only looks for the term names. The index below lets you browse the glossary according to a given letter.

Waiting approval

If entries require teacher approval before being publicly posted, this is where those entries are approved.

Printing a glossary

At the top right of the main glossary page, you'll see a little printer icon. If you click the icon, Moodle will open a new browser window and present all the words and definitions in a printer-friendly format.

To print the glossary:

  1. Click the printer icon at the top of the main glossary page.
  2. From the newly opened window, choose Print from the File menu of your browser.
  3. Once the word list has printed, close the printer-friendly format window.

Note: Teachers are always provided with a printer-friendly format link. To enable students to print a glossary, set "Allow print view" to Yes on the edit glossary page.

Glossary comments

If you enabled comments on the glossary entries, users can annotate the definitions in the word list. When you look at a word in the glossary list, you'll see a blue "Comments" link in the lower left-hand corner:

Glossarycomments.png

When you click the link, a comments box opens up. Add your comment then click the "Save changes" button.

Once you've saved your comment, Moodle will display all of the comments for the entry. When you return to the main glossary page, you'll see a new message next to the speech balloon telling you how many comments there are for the entry.

Exporting glossary entries to another glossary

Glossary entries can be exported and then imported into another glossary.

  1. In Settings > Glossary administration > Export entries click the "Export entries to file" button.
  2. Save the automatically generated XML file on your computer.

When the entries are imported into another glossary, the user performing the import will be listed as author of all the entries.

A copy of a glossary may also be made by backing up the activity. To include glossary entries in the backup, 'Include enrolled users' must be ticked in the initial backup settings. When the glossary is restored, the authors of the entries will be the same as in the original glossary.

Exporting glossary entries to a portfolio

Users with permissions to export glossary entries to a portfolio such as Mahara or Google Docs can do this via the export icon at the bottom of each glossary entry:

Glossaryexport.png

Importing glossary entries

Glossary entries can be imported via XML file in Settings > Glossary administration > Import entries. See Import glossary entries for details.

Why use a Glossary?

While a basic glossary is important, creatively applying the glossary can really make an impact on your class.

Collaborative glossaries

Instead of creating a glossary on your own, why not have the students create them as they encounter unfamiliar terms? A collaborative glossary can serve as a focal point for collaboration in a course. Each member of the class could be assigned to contribute a term, a definition, or comments on submitted definitions. Multiple definitions can be rated by you and by the students, with the highest-rated definitions accepted for the final class glossary.

When students are responsible for creating the definitions, they are much more likely to remember the word and the correct definition. Engaging in the process of learning, debating, and refining a glossary can go a long way toward helping students begin using new terms.

You can also structure multiple glossaries over the course of a semester. Break them up by unit, chapter, week, or any other organizational structure.

If you have a large class, assign student teams to come up with definitions and answers. One strategy for managing large courses is to make each team responsible for one week’s worth of definitions, while all the other teams must rate and comment. Alternatively, each team could be responsible for one definition per chapter and then rate and comment on the other teams’ work.

Credit for word use

This is a combination strategy using the forum and the auto-linking feature of the glossary. After you and your students have defined the glossary terms, it’s important for students to begin practising using the words in realistic contexts. Students, however, are usually reluctant to experiment with new terms. With the auto-linking feature, it’s easy to spot when a glossary word has been used in a forum or in a posting on the web site. To encourage word use, assign a portion of the credit students receive for their forum postings for correct use of glossary terms. As you or other students rate posts, you can quickly scan for highlighted glossary words and award points for usage. You may even want to break the score down further. Perhaps award one point for using the word and two points for using it correctly.

"Getting to know you"

Make a glossary into which new students add their photo and personal details.Add this glossary to the Random glossary block on the side of your course page and - at intervals you choose- details about a different new student are highlighted.

Thought for the Day

In addition to adding vocabulary and key terms glossaries to the Random glossary block why not add a glossary containing pertinent "thoughts for the day", ethical, spiritual, motivational -you decide!

Simple peer assessment

Have students add pieces of work with descriptions to a glossary and allow their classmates to comment on each others' entries to create a basic framework for peer assessment. While this can be done in a Forum or more thoroughly in a Workshop, a glossary is a fast and effective solution.

Turning off links to glossary terms

  • In places such as forum posts and quizzes, terms will be automatically highlighted and linked if they are in the glossary. Sometimes, this may be unwanted. To avoid this on a case-by-case basis, click on the blue Filters link in the activity's Settings block. There you will be able to turn off the glossary auto-linking feature for that particular activity while keeping it enabled elsewhere on the course:

Glossaryautolinkingoff.png

See also

Using Moodle forum discussions: