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m (Tips and Tricks for Windows XMPP)
(First a word about PostgreSQL)
 
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AMP, stands for '''A'''pache, '''M'''ySQL & '''P'''HP. Moodle is written in a scripting language called [[PHP]] and stores most of its data in a database. The recommended database is [[MySQL]]. Before installing Moodle you must have a working PHP installation and a working database to turn your computer into a functional web server platform. As individual applications, [[Apache]], MySQL and PHP can be tricky to set up for average computer users.  Moodle uses one of the AMP programs to make the process easier. When you install a Moodle AMP package it installs both the server, database, PHP and Moodle itself with their basic interconnections already made.  
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{{Installing Moodle}}
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AMP, stands for '''A'''pache, '''M'''ySQL & '''P'''HP. This is not the only platform on which Moodle runs but is the most common and fine for basic installations.  
  
In 2008, Moodle is rolled into XAMPP (which includes Perl) in the [http://download.moodle.org/windows Windows complete package] and into MAMP for the [http://download.moodle.org/macosx Mac OS complete package]. Of course, the [[http://download.moodle.org Standard install packages]] contains just the Moodle program.  
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'' 'All-in-one' Moodle installers for Windows and OSX are available at http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.0/install.html (not intended for 'production' sites). ''
  
:'''TIP:'''Installing Moodle '''for the first time''' on a [[Localhost]] (a stand alone computer) is easy and can be a very useful tool even if a web based production Moodle Server is available for use.
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== First a word about PostgreSQL ==
  
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If you would prefer to use the PostgreSQL database (and you should consider it) you can - when using the package type installers - just install it instead of MySQL. MySQL tends to be the universal choice with the simpler 'one-click' installers. For a 'one-click' installer with PostgreSQL, Apache and PHP you can check [http://bitnami.org BitNami], it supports Windows ([http://bitnami.org/stack/wappstack WAPP]), Linux ([http://bitnami.org/stack/lappstack LAPP]) and Mac ([http://bitnami.org/stack/mappstack MAPP]).
  
== Mac OS X - MAMP==
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== Mac OS X ==
[[Complete Install Packages for Mac OS X]] are named Moodle4Mac. These do not have sufficient security for public, production servers--only use for private, local testing purposes.
 
  
These packages allow Moodle to be installed, along with the prerequisites that includes a web server, database and scripting language (Apache, MySQL and PHP in this case). Several versions of the complete install package are available. You will find versions for Intel based Macs and for older PPC based Macs. Please use the correct version for your processor.  
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OSX comes with a suitable [[Apache]] web server and a not so suitable PHP (it doesn't have all the required extensions).  
  
[[Installing_AMP#Mac_OS_without_the_complete_install|See below]] if you want a secure, public server with OS X. This will use the web server that comes preinstalled with every Mac Computer. See also [[Step-by-step Guide for Installing Moodle on Mac OS X 10.4 Client]].
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Here are some other possibilities (all are documented so this is not repeated here):
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* Liip 'one click' installer from http://php-osx.liip.ch/. Note that it is primarily biased towards developers.
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* [http://www.mamp.info/ MAMP]: One click installer - easy to use and well documented. Probably only suitable for personal use.
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* [http://www.ampps.com/  Softaculous AMPPS]: Another one click installer - for both Windows and OSX this time.
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* [http://www.macports.org/ MacPorts]: A complete Linux-style package repository. You will find the AMP components here. See [https://trac.macports.org/wiki/howto/MAMP Getting Apache, MySQL, and PHP Running under MacPorts]
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* [http://www.finkproject.org/ Fink]: an alternative to MacPorts.
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* [http://bitnami.org/stack/mampstack BitNami MAMPStack]: On 'one-click' installer with for MySQL, Apache and PHP which supports the BitNami applications modules to installed on top of it like the [http://bitnami.org/stack/moodle#nativeInstaller BitNami Moodle module].
  
== Red Hat Linux ==
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== Linux ==
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You should install the packages from your distribution's repository for [[Apache]], [[PHP]] and MySQL. You will almost certainly need additional extensions for [[PHP]] (e.g. the extension for the database). The packaged versions of Moodle are not recommended (it's not much harder to install from moodle.org download)
  
You should install all available RPM packages for Apache, PHP and MySQL. One package that people frequently forget is the php-mysql package which is necessary for PHP to talk to MySQL.
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See (for example):
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* Ubuntu - https://help.ubuntu.com/community/ApacheMySQLPHP
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* Debian - http://wiki.debian.org/LaMp
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* RedHat / Centos - http://www.howtoforge.com/quick-n-easy-lamp-server-centos-rhel
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* SuSE / OpenSuSE - http://www.susegeek.com/internet-browser/install-configure-lamp-apachemysqlphp-in-opensuse-110/
  
Once these are installed the standard [[Installing Moodle|Installation guide]] should be fairly straightforward.
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While one-click installers (e.g. XAMPP or BitNami LAMP Stack) exist for Linux, it is so simple to install the components the "right" way that they seem pointless. Using the standard method will make it much easier for you to obtain help and support.  
  
A more detailed walkthrough is here: [[RedHat Linux installation]]
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Of course, if you wish to (or you need a particularly new version) you can compile all or some of the elements from source. All the elements have good documentation. The tricky one is PHP and some guidance for Debian/Ubuntu is here: [[Compiling PHP from source]]
  
== Windows - XAMPP ==
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== Windows ==
For a complete description of installing an XAMPPwebserver and then adding your own standard windows Moodle install package see [[Windows installation using XAMPP]].
 
  
'''NOTE:''' There is a difference between the Xampp Installer used in the Moodle/Windows/Xampp installation package and the XAMPPwebserver.
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Windows has slightly more variations as you can use [[Apache]] or Microsoft's [[IIS]] web servers. Again, here are some pointers
[[Complete install packages for Windows|The complete install package page]] has detailed instructions for a Windows installation using XAMPP and there is the [https://docs.moodle.org/en/Xampp_Installer_FAQ Xampp Installer FAQ].  
 
  
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* [http://www.apachefriends.org/en/xampp-windows.html XAMPP]: Probably the best known one-click installer for Windows. Lots of documentation and discussion around. Definitely only for a personal web server
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* [http://www.easyphp.org/ EasyPHP]: Another popular alternative to the above
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* [http://bitnami.org/stack/wampstack BitNami WAMPStack]: On 'one-click' installer with for MySQL, Apache and PHP which supports the BitNami applications modules to installed on top of it like the [http://bitnami.org/stack/moodle#nativeInstaller BitNami Moodle module].
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* [http://php.net/manual/en/install.windows.php Official PHP Documentation]: A lengthy list of instructions for installing PHP on all manner of Windows and web server variations
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* [http://www.mysql.com/downloads/mysql/ MySQL]: Select Windows and download installer.
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* [http://www.postgresql.org/download/windows/ PostgreSQL]: Download installer for Windows
  
===Tips and Tricks for Windows XAMPP ===
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=== Installer packages and components ===
There are lots of ways to start a Moodle after an install. Most Moodlers will have one or more "localhost" links on their computer installed in "Favorites" or even as a browser's default opening screen. But first a web server has to be started. Here are two ways to start them. 
 
====Automatic Windows services startup====
 
In order to make starting Moodle more convenient in the future you could install the web  and database servers as Windows services that are started automatically. To do this go to Start -> Run... and type the command "c:/moodle/server/service.exe -install" into Open box. Then click OK.
 
  
Start Moodle by typing localhost in the web browser and/or adding localhost as a favorite site.
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As a reference, the following table lists each package, its version and its components (as of July 30, 2012):
  
====Single button service startups====
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{| style="width:75%; height:75px" border="0"
Use the "xampp_start" or "xampp_restart" to start your webserver. You can install multiple localhost webservers on a computer. Each will have it's own start and restart programs.
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|-
*Create a shortcut on the start menu, favorites or desktop that points to each specific file like <nowiki>c:\Moodle19\restart_xampp.bat</nowiki> . Label each shortcut to a localhost differently, for example C_Moodle19, or Moodle16 or MoodleSchool.  
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| '''Product''' || '''Version''' || '''Httpd (Apache)''' || '''PHP''' || '''MySQL''' || '''PHPMyAdmin''' || '''Address'''
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|-
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| WampServer || 2.2e || 2.2.22 || 5.3.13 || 5.5.24 || 3.4.10.1 || [http://www.wampserver.com/en/ Web page]
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|-
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| BitNami WAMP Stack || 5.3.15 || 2.2.22 || 5.3.15 || 5.5.21 || 3.5.2 || [http://bitnami.org/stack/wampstack/ Web page]
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|-
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| BitNami WAMP Stack || 5.4.5-0 dev || 2.4.2 || 5.4.5 || 5.5.21 || 3.5.2 ||
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|-
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| EasyPHP || 12.0 || 2.4.2 VC9 || 5.4.4 VC9, 5.3.14 VC9, 5.2.17 || 5.5.25a || 3.5.1 || [http://www.easyphp.org/ Web page]
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|-
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| EasyPHP || 5.3.8.1 || 2.2.21 VC9 || 5.3.8 VC9 || 5.5.16 || 3.4.5 || [http://www.easyphp.org/ Web page]
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|-
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| XAMPP || 1.8.0 || 2.4.2 || 5.4.4 || 5.5.25a || 3.5.2 || [http://www.apachefriends.org/en/xampp-windows.html Web page]
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|-
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| ----------------- || --------- || ---------- || -------------------------- || ------ || ------- ||
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|-
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| XAMPP || 1.7.4 || 2.2.17 || 5.3.5 || 5.5.8 || 3.3.9 ||
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|-
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| XAMPP || 1.7.1 || 2.2.11 || 5.2.9 || 5.1.33 || 3.1.3.1 ||
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|}
  
Start Moodle by placing localhost in the web browser or adding it as a favorite site. Whichever localhost you restarted, that is the Moodle your web browser will find.
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Versions 1.7.1 and 1.7.4 of the XAMPP package were included because those are the versions on which the [http://download.moodle.org/windows/ Windows Moodle Package] are built (1.9.18+ is under 1.7.1, and 2.1.7+, 2.2.4+ & 2.3.1+ are under 1.7.4).
*Use the xampp_restart program.  It will automatically close any running webserver on your computer before it starts the version of Moodle you want to run.  
 
*Use any xampp_stop to close any running webserver on your computer.
 
  
===EasyPHP - similar to XAMPP===
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==Vista and Windows 7==
As an alternative to the above package you could use a package like EasyPHP that bundles all the software you need into a single Windows application.  Note that the EasyPHP 1.8 uses older versions of the software that are too old for Moodle 1.6.  Also many menus for EasyPHP are still in French. EasyPHP may be a good option again once its version 2.0 is released.
 
  
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Many people have trouble installing the stand alone local [http://download.moodle.org/windows/ Moodle for Windows] on Vista and Windows 7.
  
===Mac OS without the complete install===
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Here are some things you might want to try:
  
It is possible to use the[[Apache]] server that Apple provides, and add PHP and MySQL using Marc Liyanage's packages. Both of the pages below come with good instructions that we won't duplicate here:
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* A simple one is to use http://bitnami.org/stack/moodle
 
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* Another solution is to look at these videos at [http://www.sebastiansulinski.co.uk/web_design_tutorials/tutorial/7/install_apache_php_and_mysql_on_windows_vista Sebastian Sulinski Design] for Windows Vista.  
* '''PHP''': Download from here: http://www.entropy.ch/software/macosx/php/
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* For personal (evaluation) use - install XAMPP or EasyPHP and then Moodle using the normal installation instructions.
* '''MySQL''': Download here: http://www.entropy.ch/software/macosx/mysql/
 
 
 
Once these are installed the standard [[Installing Moodle|Installation guide]] should be fairly straightforward.
 
 
 
Go here for a [[Step-by-step Guide for Installing Moodle on Mac OS X 10.4 Client]] (not server).
 
 
 
===IIS for Windows===
 
Here you can find steps for an [[IIS]]: [[Windows installation]] for XAMPP or Windows 2003 .
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
=== Hosting Service ===
 
Hosting services vary quite a lot in the way they work. Some will install Moodle for you. Others may have "scripts" that you can choose that can add Moodle to your site. 
 
 
 
Most will offer a web-based control panel to control your site, create databases and set up cron. Some may also offer terminal access via ssh, so that you can use the command shell to do things.
 
 
 
You should work your way through the [[Installing Moodle|Installation guide]] and take each step at a time. Ask your hosting provider if you get stuck.  Remember, you will not use a Complete install package from Moodle, but rather one of the Generic packages if you already have a webserver.
 
 
 
==Testing PHP==
 
Once you have installed your web server and PHP you should be able to create a file (for example phpinfo.php in the document root) with the following in it:
 
 
 
  <?php phpinfo()?>
 
 
 
You should be able to open this file in a web browser by going to to the URL '''localhost/phpinfo''' and see a web page that has PHP status information in it such as [[phpinfo|this]].
 
 
 
==See also==
 
 
 
*[[Installing Moodle]]
 
*[[Installation FAQ]]
 
*[[Xampp Installer FAQ]]
 
*[[Upgrading Moodle]]
 
*[[Debian GNU/Linux installation]]
 
*[[Complete install packages]], also includes instructions for creating a stand alone (localhost) installation on a single computer.
 
 
 
[[Category:Installation]]
 
  
 
[[es:Instalación AMP]]
 
[[es:Instalación AMP]]

Latest revision as of 10:55, 8 November 2012

AMP, stands for Apache, MySQL & PHP. This is not the only platform on which Moodle runs but is the most common and fine for basic installations.

'All-in-one' Moodle installers for Windows and OSX are available at http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.0/install.html (not intended for 'production' sites).

First a word about PostgreSQL

If you would prefer to use the PostgreSQL database (and you should consider it) you can - when using the package type installers - just install it instead of MySQL. MySQL tends to be the universal choice with the simpler 'one-click' installers. For a 'one-click' installer with PostgreSQL, Apache and PHP you can check BitNami, it supports Windows (WAPP), Linux (LAPP) and Mac (MAPP).

Mac OS X

OSX comes with a suitable Apache web server and a not so suitable PHP (it doesn't have all the required extensions).

Here are some other possibilities (all are documented so this is not repeated here):

Linux

You should install the packages from your distribution's repository for Apache, PHP and MySQL. You will almost certainly need additional extensions for PHP (e.g. the extension for the database). The packaged versions of Moodle are not recommended (it's not much harder to install from moodle.org download)

See (for example):

While one-click installers (e.g. XAMPP or BitNami LAMP Stack) exist for Linux, it is so simple to install the components the "right" way that they seem pointless. Using the standard method will make it much easier for you to obtain help and support.

Of course, if you wish to (or you need a particularly new version) you can compile all or some of the elements from source. All the elements have good documentation. The tricky one is PHP and some guidance for Debian/Ubuntu is here: Compiling PHP from source

Windows

Windows has slightly more variations as you can use Apache or Microsoft's IIS web servers. Again, here are some pointers

  • XAMPP: Probably the best known one-click installer for Windows. Lots of documentation and discussion around. Definitely only for a personal web server
  • EasyPHP: Another popular alternative to the above
  • BitNami WAMPStack: On 'one-click' installer with for MySQL, Apache and PHP which supports the BitNami applications modules to installed on top of it like the BitNami Moodle module.
  • Official PHP Documentation: A lengthy list of instructions for installing PHP on all manner of Windows and web server variations
  • MySQL: Select Windows and download installer.
  • PostgreSQL: Download installer for Windows

Installer packages and components

As a reference, the following table lists each package, its version and its components (as of July 30, 2012):

Product Version Httpd (Apache) PHP MySQL PHPMyAdmin Address
WampServer 2.2e 2.2.22 5.3.13 5.5.24 3.4.10.1 Web page
BitNami WAMP Stack 5.3.15 2.2.22 5.3.15 5.5.21 3.5.2 Web page
BitNami WAMP Stack 5.4.5-0 dev 2.4.2 5.4.5 5.5.21 3.5.2
EasyPHP 12.0 2.4.2 VC9 5.4.4 VC9, 5.3.14 VC9, 5.2.17 5.5.25a 3.5.1 Web page
EasyPHP 5.3.8.1 2.2.21 VC9 5.3.8 VC9 5.5.16 3.4.5 Web page
XAMPP 1.8.0 2.4.2 5.4.4 5.5.25a 3.5.2 Web page
----------------- --------- ---------- -------------------------- ------ -------
XAMPP 1.7.4 2.2.17 5.3.5 5.5.8 3.3.9
XAMPP 1.7.1 2.2.11 5.2.9 5.1.33 3.1.3.1

Versions 1.7.1 and 1.7.4 of the XAMPP package were included because those are the versions on which the Windows Moodle Package are built (1.9.18+ is under 1.7.1, and 2.1.7+, 2.2.4+ & 2.3.1+ are under 1.7.4).

Vista and Windows 7

Many people have trouble installing the stand alone local Moodle for Windows on Vista and Windows 7.

Here are some things you might want to try: