Note: You are currently viewing documentation for Moodle 2.2. Up-to-date documentation for the latest stable version is available here: Course formats.
Course formats refers to sections in a course. They can be changed by the course Administration block under settings.
Moodle 1.5 supported three different section formats: weeks, topics and social. Moodle 1.6 added LAMS, SCORM and Weekcss section format choices to that list. The last three are a little more connected to the rest of the code (and hence, less "pluggable") but it is still quite easy to add new ones.
Another contributed course format is the Project format for version 1.9.
An administrator wishing to remove installed formats may do so by removing the format plugin from the installation. That is: remove the directory containing the format for the moodle/course/format directory. You probably should not remove any of the three core formats, or formats that are in use on the site.