Difference between revisions of "FQT Using variables in text and text equations"

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[https://docs.moodle.org/33/en/Formulas_question_type < Formulas question type]
 
[https://docs.moodle.org/33/en/Formulas_question_type < Formulas question type]
  
==Using variables in text==
+
==Using variables in the text==
  
It is simple to substitute the variables in the text, you only need to enclose the corresponding variables with <span style="font-family:monospace;font-size:113%;">{ }</span>. Each text field has a scope of variables. All variables x of either number or string in the scope of the text can be used to replace the corresponding placeholder <span style="font-family:monospace;font-size:113%;">{x}</span> in the text.
+
It is easy to insert values of variables directly in the text. All that is needed is to enclose the variable names with <span style="font-family:monospace;font-size:113%;">{ }</span>. Each text field has a scope of variables. All variables x of either number or string in the scope of the text can be used to replace the corresponding placeholder <span style="font-family:monospace;font-size:113%;">{x}</span> in the text.
  
It is also possible to evaluate an expression directly in the text by adding an equal sign at the beginning of the bracket such as <span style="font-family:monospace;font-size:113%;">{=x/1000}</span>. It is easier to use if the named variables are not required. However, no error check is done unless the question is being instantiated in the quiz. An example is the rescaling of meters to kilometers below:
+
It is also possible to evaluate an expression and insert its value directly in the text by adding an equal sign at the beginning of the bracket such as <span style="font-family:monospace;font-size:113%;">{=x/1000}</span>. This way is simpler if the named variables are not required. However, no error check is done unless the question is being instantiated in the quiz. An example is the rescaling of meters to kilometers below:
  
 
<pre style="font-size:113%;width: 98%;">
 
<pre style="font-size:113%;width: 98%;">
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==Using variables in text equations==
 
==Using variables in text equations==
  
Text equations are equations that are displayed in the text using an equation syntax such as:
+
Text equations are mathematical expressions or equations that are displayed in the text using math syntax such as:
 
*[http://www.tug.org/ TeX]
 
*[http://www.tug.org/ TeX]
 
*[https://www.w3.org/TR/MathML3/ MathML]
 
*[https://www.w3.org/TR/MathML3/ MathML]
 
*[http://asciimath.org/ AsciiMath]
 
*[http://asciimath.org/ AsciiMath]
  
Variables can be substituted in these equations, as in the text, by enclosing them with {}. Expressions such as {=x/1000} can also be substituted in these equations.
+
See [https://docs.moodle.org/32/en/Mathematics#Equation_Construction_and_Display Equation Construction and Display] for additional information on writing mathematical expressions.
 +
 
 +
Values of variables can be inserted in text equations in the same way as in the text, that is, by enclosing the variable names with {}. Values of expressions such as {=x/1000} can also be inserted.
  
 
<div style="border:1px solid #bce8f1;border-radius:4px;padding: 0px 15px 0px; margin:20px 0 25px;">
 
<div style="border:1px solid #bce8f1;border-radius:4px;padding: 0px 15px 0px; margin:20px 0 25px;">
 
<div style="font-family:Lucida Sans Unicode;font-size:113%;color:#6c336d;margin:10px 0 10px;> Example</div>
 
<div style="font-family:Lucida Sans Unicode;font-size:113%;color:#6c336d;margin:10px 0 10px;> Example</div>
  
Write the following equation in the TeX syntax, where {a}, {b} and {c} will be substituted by the value of these variables:
+
Write the following equation in TeX syntax. Upon display, {a}, {b} and {c} will be substituted by the value of these variables:
  
 
::{a}''x''<sup>2</sup> + {b}''x'' + {c} = 0
 
::{a}''x''<sup>2</sup> + {b}''x'' + {c} = 0
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<div style="font-family:Lucida Sans Unicode;font-size:113%;color:#6c336d;margin:10px 0 10px;> Example</div>
 
<div style="font-family:Lucida Sans Unicode;font-size:113%;color:#6c336d;margin:10px 0 10px;> Example</div>
  
Write the following equation in the MathML syntax, where {a}, {b} and {c} will be substituted by the value of these variables:
+
Write the following equation in MathML syntax. Upon display, {a}, {b} and {c} will be substituted by the value of these variables:
  
 
::{a}''x''<sup>2</sup> + {b}''x'' + {c} = 0
 
::{a}''x''<sup>2</sup> + {b}''x'' + {c} = 0
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<div style="font-family:Lucida Sans Unicode;font-size:113%;color:#6c336d;margin:10px 0 10px;> Example</div>
 
<div style="font-family:Lucida Sans Unicode;font-size:113%;color:#6c336d;margin:10px 0 10px;> Example</div>
  
Write the following equation in the AsciiMath syntax, where {a}, {b} and {c} will be substituted by the value of these variables:
+
Write the following equation in the AsciiMath syntax. Upon display, {a}, {b} and {c} will be substituted by the value of these variables:
  
 
::{a}''x''<sup>2</sup> + {b}''x'' + {c} = 0
 
::{a}''x''<sup>2</sup> + {b}''x'' + {c} = 0
Line 89: Line 91:
 
<div style="font-family:Lucida Sans Unicode;font-size:113%;color:#6c336d;margin:10px 0 10px;> Example</div>
 
<div style="font-family:Lucida Sans Unicode;font-size:113%;color:#6c336d;margin:10px 0 10px;> Example</div>
  
Use variables and expressions in text equations that appear in the main question text, the general feedback and the part's feedback of a Formulas question. Use the MathML syntax.
+
Use variables and expressions in text equations that appear in the main question text, the general feedback and the part's feedback of a Formulas question. Use MathML syntax.
  
 
''Downloadable question file:'' [https://drive.google.com/open?id=1MVUhvncCMHYl3LM-XpklggV-bpku5L8v QuadraticEquation.xml]
 
''Downloadable question file:'' [https://drive.google.com/open?id=1MVUhvncCMHYl3LM-XpklggV-bpku5L8v QuadraticEquation.xml]

Revision as of 03:10, 6 December 2017

< Formulas question type

Using variables in the text

It is easy to insert values of variables directly in the text. All that is needed is to enclose the variable names with { }. Each text field has a scope of variables. All variables x of either number or string in the scope of the text can be used to replace the corresponding placeholder {x} in the text.

It is also possible to evaluate an expression and insert its value directly in the text by adding an equal sign at the beginning of the bracket such as {=x/1000}. This way is simpler if the named variables are not required. However, no error check is done unless the question is being instantiated in the quiz. An example is the rescaling of meters to kilometers below:

What is the speed of the rocket if it travels with distance {=x/1000} km in {t} s?

Using variables in text equations

Text equations are mathematical expressions or equations that are displayed in the text using math syntax such as:

See Equation Construction and Display for additional information on writing mathematical expressions.

Values of variables can be inserted in text equations in the same way as in the text, that is, by enclosing the variable names with {}. Values of expressions such as {=x/1000} can also be inserted.

Example

Write the following equation in TeX syntax. Upon display, {a}, {b} and {c} will be substituted by the value of these variables:

{a}x2 + {b}x + {c} = 0
\( {a} x^2 + {b} x + {c} = 0 \)
Example

Write the following equation in MathML syntax. Upon display, {a}, {b} and {c} will be substituted by the value of these variables:

{a}x2 + {b}x + {c} = 0
«math xmlns=¨http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML¨»
  «mn»{a}«/mn»
  «msup»«mi»x«/mi»«mn»2«/mn»«/msup»
  «mo»+«/mo»
  «mn»{b}«/mn»
  «mi»x«/mi»
  «mo»+«/mo»
  «mn»{c}«/mn»
  «mo»=«/mo»
  «mn»0«/mn»
«/math»

MathML equations are usually created with the aid of an editor. When creating the equation with an editor, it is easier to write a number, say 99, in lieu of the variables, for example:

«math xmlns=¨http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML¨»
  «mn»99«/mn»
  «msup»«mi»x«/mi»«mn»2«/mn»«/msup»
  «mo»+«/mo»
  «mn»99«/mn»
  «mi»x«/mi»
  «mo»+«/mo»
  «mn»99«/mn»
  «mo»=«/mo»
  «mn»0«/mn»
«/math»

and then replace the numbers 99 by the variables {a}, {b} and {c} in the HTML code.

Example

Write the following equation in the AsciiMath syntax. Upon display, {a}, {b} and {c} will be substituted by the value of these variables:

{a}x2 + {b}x + {c} = 0
<script src="https://cdn.mathjax.org/mathjax/latest/MathJax.js?config=AM_HTMLorMML"></script>
`{a} x^2 + {b} x + {c} = 0`
Example

Use variables and expressions in text equations that appear in the main question text, the general feedback and the part's feedback of a Formulas question. Use MathML syntax.

Downloadable question file: QuadraticEquation.xml

This Formulas question looks like this:

QuadraticEquation.png


< Formulas question type